New York Supreme and/or Appellate Courts Appellate Division, First Department
December 27, 2012
RAYFORD WAYNE CHAPPILL,
BALLY TOTAL FITNESS CORPORATION,
Chappill v Bally Total Fitness Corp.
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on December 27, 2012
Friedman, J.P., Acosta, Renwick, Richter, Roman, JJ.
Order and judgment (one paper), Supreme Court, New York County (Louis B. York, J.), entered January 26, 2011, which, upon reargument, granted defendant's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint, unanimously affirmed, without costs.
Plaintiff, a member of defendant's health club, suffered a heart attack at the club and was found lying on the floor near a weight training machine. In support of its motion for summary judgment, defendant submitted evidence that club employees immediately called 911, and two employees rushed to plaintiff's side, and checked for a pulse and to see whether or not he was breathing. Those employees, both trained in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) testified that they did not perform CPR because plaintiff was breathing and therefore it was not appropriate.
The incident occurred prior to enactment of General Business Law § 627-a (1), which requires health clubs to have an automated external defibrillator device (AED) on site, and at least one individual who holds a valid certification of completion of a course in operation of AEDs and in CPR. Nor was defendant vicariously liable for breaching a common-law duty of care that the employees had assumed by coming to plaintiff's aid as "Good Samaritans." Since the employees were providing emergency medical treatment to plaintiff, they could only have been liable for gross negligence (see Public Health Law § 3000--a ), conduct not displayed here (see Digiulio v Gran, Inc., 74 AD3d 450 [1st Dept 2010], affd 17 NY3d 765 ; Colnaghi, U.S.A. v. Jewelers Protection Servs., 81 NY2d 821, 823--824 ).
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
ENTERED: DECEMBER 27, 2012
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