Appeal from a judgment of the Niagara County Court (Matthew J. Murphy, III, J.), rendered June 22, 2011.
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Released on February 1, 2013
PRESENT: SMITH, J.P., PERADOTTO, CARNI, SCONIERS, AND WHALEN, JJ.
The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of assault in the third degree.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.
Memorandum: Defendant appeals from a judgment convicting him after a jury trial of assault in the third degree (Penal Law § 120.00 ). Defendant contends that County Court erred in charging assault in the third degree as a lesser included offense of assault in the second degree (Penal Law § 120.05 ) because there is no reasonable view of the evidence that could support a finding that defendant did not act intentionally. Inasmuch as defendant objected to that charge on a different ground at trial, he failed to preserve his current contention for our review (see CPL 470.05 ; People v Autar, 54 AD3d 609, lv denied 11 NY3d 922).
In any event, defendant's contention lacks merit. The court properly charged the lesser included offense of assault in the third degree (Penal Law § 120.00 ) because there is a reasonable view of the evidence to support a finding that defendant committed that crime (see generally People v Glover, 57 NY2d 61, 63). Based upon the testimony of defendant and the victim, the jury could rationally conclude that defendant did not intend to cause physical injury to the victim but, instead, consciously disregarded the substantial and unjustifiable risk that his physical contact with the victim would cause physical injury (see §§ 15.05 , 120.00 ). The fact that defendant acted deliberately "does not necessarily preclude a finding of recklessness" (People v Lora, 85 AD3d 487, 492, appeal dismissed 18 NY3d 829).
Entered: February 1, 2013
Frances E. Cafarell Clerk of the Court
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