Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Chautauqua County (James H. Dillon, J.), entered December 21, 2011.
Erie Ins. Co. of N.Y. v AE Design, Inc.
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Released on March 22, 2013
PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., FAHEY, SCONIERS, VALENTINO, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The order granted the motion of defendant to dismiss the complaint.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.
Memorandum: Plaintiff's subrogor, Maplevale Farms, Inc. (Maplevale), hired defendant to provide engineering services in connection with the construction of an addition to Maplevale's warehouse in Clymer, New York. The addition was built pursuant to plans and specifications prepared by defendant. Following a heavy snowfall, the roof of the original warehouse collapsed, resulting in damage to the building and the inventory and property stored therein. Plaintiff, as subrogee of Maplevale, commenced this action asserting causes of action for malpractice and breach of contract, and seeking to recover sums necessary to cover the losses sustained as the result of the roof collapse.
Supreme Court properly granted defendant's motion to dismiss the complaint pursuant to CPLR 3211 (a) (1). According to the "Standard Terms and Conditions" of the agreement between Maplevale and defendant, "[a]ny litigation arising in any way from this Agreement shall be brought in the Courts of Common Pleas of Pennsylvania having jurisdiction." That forum selection clause is " prima facie valid and enforceable unless it is shown by the challenging party to be[, inter alia,] unreasonable, unjust, [or] in contravention of public policy' " (KMK Safety Consulting, LLC v Jeffrey M. Brown Assoc., Inc., 72 AD3d 650, 651; see Brooke Group v JCH Syndicate 488, 87 NY2d 530, 534). Contrary to plaintiff's contention, the enforcement of the forum selection clause does not contravene New York public policy (cf. Matter of Betlem, 300 AD2d 1026, 1026-1027).
The "Standard Terms and Conditions" also provide that "[t]he laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania shall govern the validity of this Agreement, its interpretation and performance," and plaintiff contends that the enforcement of the "limitation of legal liability" provision of the agreement pursuant to Pennsylvania law violates General Obligations Law §§ 5-322.1 and 5-324 and would thus contravene New York public policy. That contention, however, concerns choice of law, not choice of forum, and it may properly be raised before a court in the forum chosen by the parties in Pennsylvania (see Boss v American Express Fin. Advisors, Inc., 6 NY3d 242, 247). "[O]bjections to a choice of law clause are not a warrant for failure to enforce a choice of forum clause" (id.).
We reject plaintiff's further contention that the forum selection clause does not apply to its allegations of negligence, and thus that the court erred in granting defendant's motion with respect to the malpractice cause of action. "[U]nder its broad and unequivocal terms, the applicability of the subject forum selection clause does not turn on the type or nature of the dispute between" Maplevale and defendant, and plaintiff "cannot circumvent application of the forum selection clause by pleading parallel and/or additional related non-contractual claims" (Tourtellot v Harza Architects, Engrs. & Constr. Mgrs., 55 AD3d 1096, 1098).
Finally, contrary to plaintiff's contention, the "Standard Terms and Conditions" were expressly incorporated into the agreement, and the failure of Maplevale's president to read or recall the forum selection provision does not render that provision unenforceable (see KMK Safety Consulting, LLC, 72 ...