New York Supreme and/or Appellate Courts Appellate Division, First Department
April 16, 2013
THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT,
DELROY BULGIN, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.
People v Bulgin
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
Decided on April 16, 2013 Mazzarelli, J.P., DeGrasse, Abdus-Salaam, Manzanet-Daniels, Clark, JJ.
Judgment, Supreme Court, Bronx County (Dominic R. Massaro, J.), rendered March 29, 2011, convicting defendant, after a jury trial, of criminal mischief in the second degree and criminal contempt in the first degree, and sentencing him to time served and a conditional discharge, unanimously modified, on the law, to the extent of vacating the contempt conviction and dismissing that count of the indictment, and otherwise affirmed.
The People failed to prove that defendant had written or oral notice of an order of protection and its contents, as required for a conviction of criminal contempt in the first degree (People v McCowan, 85 NY2d 985, 987 ; Penal Law § 215.51[d]). While the order contained check marks of unidentified origin indicating that defendant was present in court and was advised of the "issuance" of the order, defendant's signature was not on the order (compare People v Inserra, 4 NY3d 30, 31-33 ; People v D'Angelo, 284 AD2d 146, 146 [1st Dept 2001], affd 98 NY2d 733 ), and there was no evidence establishing that defendant was present in court and orally advised of the prohibited conduct (compare People v Clark, 95 NY2d 773 ).
Contrary to defendant's assertions, there was no spillover error onto the criminal mischief conviction. There is no reasonable possibility that the contempt count influenced the guilty verdict on the criminal mischief count in any meaningful way (see People v Concepion, 17 NY3d 192, 197 ; People v Daly, 14 NY3d 848 ). Both convictions stemmed from the same incident, in which defendant intentionally sideswiped and damaged the victim's van while she and her fiance were inside. However, proof of defendant's guilt of criminal mischief had nothing to do with his knowledge of the order of protection. There was strong independent proof of defendant's guilt of criminal mischief provided by the victim, her fiance, and the police officer who pursued and arrested defendant.
In light of this determination, we find it unnecessary to address defendant's remaining contentions.
THIS CONSTITUTES THE DECISION AND ORDER OF THE SUPREME COURT, APPELLATE DIVISION, FIRST DEPARTMENT.
ENTERED: APRIL 16, 2013
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