Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Ontario County (Frederick G. Reed, A.J.), entered February 15, 2012.
Tsoulis v Abbott Bros. II Steak Out, Inc.
Released on April 26, 2013
Appellate Division, Fourth Department
Published by New York State Law Reporting Bureau pursuant to Judiciary Law § 431.
This opinion is uncorrected and subject to revision before publication in the Official Reports.
PRESENT: SMITH, J.P., PERADOTTO, CARNI, VALENTINO, AND MARTOCHE, JJ.
The order, among other things, denied the motion of defendant for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.
It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.
Memorandum: Plaintiff commenced this action for, inter alia, specific performance of an option to purchase real property contained in the parties' lease agreement. In a prior appeal, this Court modified the order of Supreme Court by granting plaintiff's cross motion for specific performance of the option to purchase and directing the parties to obtain a third appraisal to establish the price of the subject real property, including the building located thereon (property) (Tsoulis v Abbott Bros. II Steak Out, Inc., 82 AD3d 1612, 1612). Thereafter, defendant moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint, contending that plaintiff forfeited his rights under the option to purchase by failing to pay rent for the property after August 2011 and by allegedly damaging the property by, inter alia, removing fixtures and equipment. Plaintiff cross-moved for summary judgment on the complaint and for an order directing that he is entitled to specific performance of the option to purchase and to an appraisal of the property in compliance with this Court's prior order (id. at 1614). The court denied the motion and granted the cross motion, and defendant appeals.
We note as background that, on August 22, 2011, defendant's attorney sent a letter to plaintiff's attorney in which he asserted that plaintiff never signed a lease renewal with respect to the property and that, even if a lease renewal had been signed, the renewal term would have expired on July 31, 2011 (August 2011 letter). Therefore, according to defendant, plaintiff was a "holdover" tenant having a "month[-]to[-]month" tenancy. The record demonstrates that plaintiff continued to occupy the property and to pay rent until August 25, 2011.
Notwithstanding the August 2011 letter, defendant contends that plaintiff breached the option to purchase and forfeited his rights thereunder by failing to pay rent after August 2011. We reject that contention. In our previous order, we determined that plaintiff had validly exercised the option to purchase and that plaintiff was still obligated to pay rent pursuant to the lease agreement, which did not merge with the purchase contract for the property (id. at 1613; see Bostwick v Frankfield, 74 NY 207, 212-213). Inasmuch as defendant notified plaintiff that the lease agreement had expired and that plaintiff's tenancy continued on only a month-to-month basis, plaintiff was not obligated to pay rent after August 25, 2011, i.e., the date he vacated the property, and thus plaintiff did not breach the option to purchase by failing to make such payments.
We reject defendant's further contention that the court erred in denying its motion because plaintiff damaged the property by, inter alia, removing fixtures and equipment. Initially, we note that defendant has not asserted a counterclaim with respect to the alleged damages to the property. In any event, plaintiff submitted competent evidence disputing defendant's damage claims and thus raised triable issues of fact on the motion. Further, plaintiff submitted the expert affidavit of an appraiser who opined that, notwithstanding defendant's damage claims, the real property and contents of the building could still be valued and appraised as of 2004--a date preceding those claims and accepted by defendant.
We have reviewed defendant's remaining contentions and conclude that ...