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Resource Fin. Co. v. Cynergy Data LLC

Supreme Court of New York, First Department

May 21, 2013

Resource Finance Company, et al., Plaintiffs-Respondents,
v.
Cynergy Data LLC, et al, Defendants, Card Payment Services, LLC, et al., Defendants-Appellants.

Reiss Sheppe LLP, New York (Robert J. Grand of counsel), for appellants.

Foley & Lardner LLP, New York (Akiva M. Cohen of counsel), for respondents.

Mazzarelli, J.P., Sweeny, Freedman, Gische, JJ.

Order, Supreme Court, New York County (Barbara R. Kapnick, J.), entered September 26, 2011, which denied the motion of defendants Card Payment Services, LLC and Seymour Weissman to dismiss the complaint as against them, unanimously modified, on the law, to grant the motion to the extent of dismissing the second, fifth, sixth, seventh and eighth causes of action as against Card Payment Services and Weissman, and otherwise affirmed, without costs.

Because neither plaintiffs nor their debtors ever obtained the required consent from defendant Card Payment Systems of New York, LLC (CPS LLC) to grant plaintiffs a security interest in CPS LLC's assets, no such interest was created (see Richard T. Blake & Assoc. v Aetna Cas. & Sur. Co., 255 A.D.2d 569 [2d Dept 1998]). Although plaintiffs can enforce debtors' rights under various noncompetition agreements entered into by Weissman, the breach of such contracts does not support a claim for conversion of wrongfully diverted accounts (see Peters Griffin Woodward, Inc. v WCSC, Inc., 88 A.D.2d 883, 884 [1st Dept 1982]) . Accordingly, plaintiffs' claims based on the existence of a security interest in CPS LLC's assets must be dismissed.

Plaintiffs however do state a claim for unjust enrichment. Plaintiffs allege that Weissman essentially stole back the business that he was paid some $2 million to give to (and not take back from) debtors. The fact that there are express agreements does not bar the pleading of a quasi-contract claim, where, as here, defendants contest the validity of those agreements (see Veritas Capital Mgt., L.L.C. v Campbell, 82 A.D.3d 529, 530 [1st Dept 2011], lv dismissed 17 N.Y.3d 778 [2011]). As the only argument against the claim for a constructive trust was the failure of the unjust enrichment claim, that claim was also properly sustained. Moreover, while Weissman and Card Payment Services are not fiduciaries of plaintiffs, Weissman is a fiduciary of one of the debtors, and thus dismissal of the accounting claim was properly denied.


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