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People v. Richardson

Supreme Court of New York, Second Department

May 22, 2013

The People of the State of New York, respondent,
v.
Timothy Richardson, appellant. (Ind. No. 10-00995)

Janet A. Gandolfo, Sleepy Hollow, N.Y., for appellant.

Janet DiFiore, District Attorney, White Plains, N.Y. (Steven A. Bender and Richard Longworth Hecht of counsel), for respondent.

WILLIAM F. MASTRO, J.P., JOHN M. LEVENTHAL, SANDRA L. SGROI, ROBERT J. MILLER, JJ.

DECISION & ORDER

Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Westchester County (Molea, J.), rendered April 13, 2011, convicting him of sexual abuse in the first degree, upon his plea of guilty, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is affirmed.

The defendant entered a plea of guilty after the Supreme Court directed a hearing on that branch of his omnibus motion which was to suppress evidence, but before the hearing was held. By pleading guilty before the court decided his motion to suppress evidence, the defendant forfeited appellate review of the issues raised in that motion (see CPL 710.70[2]; People v Fernandez, 67 N.Y.2d 686, 688; People v Pappacena, 57 A.D.3d 1011; People v Hussain, 309 A.D.2d 818, 818-819).

The defendant's contention that he did not receive the effective assistance of counsel is not reviewable on this appeal, because it is based, in part, on matter outside the record, and thus constitutes a " mixed claim[ ]'" of ineffective assistance (People v Maxwell, 89 A.D.3d 1108, 1109, quoting People v Evans, 16 N.Y.3d 571, 575 n 2, cert denied _____ U.S. _____, 132 S.Ct. 325). It is not evident from the matter appearing on the record that the defendant was deprived of the effective assistance of counsel (cf. People v Crump, 53 N.Y.2d 824; People v Brown, 45 N.Y.2d 852). Since the defendant's claim of ineffective assistance cannot be resolved without reference to matter outside the record, a CPL 440.10 proceeding is the appropriate forum for reviewing the claim in its entirety (see People v Freeman, 93 A.D.3d 805).

MASTRO, J.P., LEVENTHAL, SGROI and MILLER, JJ., concur.


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