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American Transit Insurance Co. v. Colon

Supreme Court, New York County

June 12, 2013

AMERICAN TRANSIT INSURANCE COMPANY, Plaintiff,
v.
MANUEL COLON, ADVANCED PSYCHOLOGICAL CARE, P.C, AEE MEDICAL DIAGNOSTIC, P.C, DYNASTY MEDICAL CARE, P.C, IMS R., INC., MB PRECISION CHIROPRACTIC, P.C, NORTH COAST PHYSICAL THERAPY AND REHAB, P.C, NORWIND MEDICAL, P.C, PREFERRED MEDICAL NUCLEAR IMAGING, P.C, QUIKCARE MEDICAL, P.C, RIGHT STEP PHYSICAL THERAPY, P.C, SAS MEDICAL, P.C, VITAL MERIDIAN ACUPUNCTURE, P.C, Defendants. Index No. 100879/12

Unpublished Opinion

Motion Date 03/20/13

Louis B. York Judge

The following papers, numbered 1 to were read on this motion for Default Jgmt.

PAPERS/NUMBERED

Notice of Motion/ Order to Show Cause — Affidavits — Exhibits____

Answering Affidavits — Exhibits___

Replying Affidavits____

Cross-Motion: [ ] Yes [ ] No

Currently, plaintiff seeks default judgment. Based on the papers plaintiff has submitted in support of this motion, default judgment is not proper against Manuel Colon because there was no attempt to serve him during non-working hours. Under CPLR section 308, a movant can utilize "nail and mail" service only after attempting, with due diligence, to serve the defendant personally. Waterman v. Jones, 46 A.D.3d 63, 65, 843 N.Y.S.2d 462, 464 (2nd Dept. 2007). Courts have found that several attempts to serve an individual is insufficient. Instead, there must be an attempt to serve the defendant during non-working hours. Id. at 66, 843 N.Y.S.2d at 464-65. Non-working hours do not end before 9:00 am and end at 5:00 pm, but instead take into account the time it takes an individual to commute to and from his or her workplace. See, Serrano v Starapoli, 9, 4 A.D.3d 1083, 1085, 943 N.Y.S.2d 201, 203-04 (2nd Dept 2012).

In this instance, plaintiff served the motion by mail on June 18, 2012. Prior to that, plaintiff attempted personal service at the following dates and times: 1) Tuesday, May 29, 2012 at 5:46 p.m.; 2) Tuesday, June 12, 2012 at 9:46 a.m.; and Friday, June 15, 2012 at 11:57 a.m. There were no attempts to serve the individual during non-working hours. Therefore, plaintiff has not established due diligence.

In addition, plaintiff states it served Colon on June 16. However, the Affidavit of Service does not state how the process server effectuated service - that is, the process server never states that he affixed the papers to the door. However, the remaining defendants, Advanced Psychological Care, P.C., AEE Medical Diagnostic, P.C., Dynasty Medical Care, P.C., IMS R., Inc., MB Precision Chiropractic, P.C., North Coast Physical Therapy and Rehab, P.C., Norwind Medical, P.C., Preferred Medical Nuclear Imaging, P.C., Quikcare Medical, P.C., Right Step Physical Therapy, P.C., Sas Medical, P.C., Vital Meridian Acupuncture, P.C., were served properly with the Complaint and with this motion. Moreover, they all have defaulted on both. Finally, plaintiff has made out a prima facie case against them. Therefore, a default judgment is appropriate against these defendants.

Accordingly, it is

ORDERED that the motion of plaintiff for summary judgment seeking a declaration that it is not obliged to provide a defense to, and provide coverage for defendants Advanced Psychological Care, P.C., AEE Medical Diagnostic, P.C., Dynasty Medical Care, P.C., IMS R., Inc., MB Precision Chiropractic, P.C., North Coast Physical Therapy and Rehab, P.C., Norwind Medical, P.C., Preferred Medical Nuclear Imaging, P.C., Quikeare Medical, P.C., Right Step Physical Therapy, P.C., Sas Medical, P.C., Vital Meridian Acupuncture, P.C., in the action of American Transit Insurance ...


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