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People v. Scott

Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department

June 14, 2013

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT,
v.
HAROLD SCOTT, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from a judgment of the Monroe County Court (Alex R. Renzi, J.), rendered November 19, 2008. The judgment convicted defendant, upon a jury verdict, of burglary in the first degree (three counts), attempted robbery in the first degree (two counts) and assault in the second degree (two counts).

TIMOTHY P. DONAHER, PUBLIC DEFENDER, ROCHESTER (TIMOTHY S. DAVIS OF COUNSEL), FOR DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

SANDRA DOORLEY, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, ROCHESTER (NICOLE M. FANTIGROSSI OF COUNSEL), FOR RESPONDENT.

PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., CENTRA, FAHEY, CARNI, AND LINDLEY, JJ.

It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed.

Memorandum: Defendant appeals from a judgment convicting him, upon a jury verdict, of three counts of burglary in the first degree (Penal Law § 140.30 [1], [2], [4]), and two counts each of attempted robbery in the first degree (§§ 110.00, 160.15 [2], [4]) and assault in the second degree (§ 120.05 [2], [6]). Defendant contends that the evidence is legally insufficient to convict him as an accomplice because there is no evidence that he shared the requisite intent with the principal or that he assisted anyone in the commission of the offenses. To the extent that defendant asserts that the People failed to prove that he shared the principal's intent to commit the crimes, that contention is unpreserved for our review (see People v Gray, 86 N.Y.2d 10, 19; People v Villa, 56 A.D.3d 1242, 1242, lv denied 12 N.Y.3d 763). In any event, we conclude that the evidence with respect to defendant's actions during and after the relevant incidents is legally sufficient to establish that defendant was more than merely present at the scene and that he shared the principal's intent (see People v Cabey, 85 N.Y.2d 417, 421; People v Davis, 278 A.D.2d 886, 886, lv denied 96 N.Y.2d 757; People v Alexander, 190 A.D.2d 1052, 1052-1053, lv denied 81 N.Y.2d 967). The testimony of one of the victims established that defendant, the principal and at least one other individual entered that victim's enclosed porch and attempted to rob the victims at gunpoint. When the first victim was shot, the second victim attempted to flee, but defendant temporarily restrained him. Once released, the second victim fled, and defendant again assisted the gunman by pointing to the location where the second victim fled. The gunman then shot the second victim. Thus, even assuming, arguendo, that defendant's "assistance was not initially planned, [we conclude that] the totality of the evidence permits only the conclusion that he knowingly participated and continued to participate even after his companion's intentions became clear" (People v Allah, 71 N.Y.2d 830, 832).

Finally, viewing the evidence in light of the elements of the crimes as charged to the jury (see People v Danielson, 9 N.Y.3d 342, 349), we conclude that the verdict is not against the weight of the evidence (see generally People v Bleakley, 69 N.Y.2d 490, 495).


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