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People v. Moss

Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department

June 14, 2013

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, RESPONDENT,
v.
DWIGHT MOSS, DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

Appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Monroe County (Frank P. Geraci, Jr., A.J.), entered March 5, 2012. The order determined that defendant is a level three risk pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration Act.

TIMOTHY P. DONAHER, PUBLIC DEFENDER, ROCHESTER (JAMES ECKERT OF COUNSEL), FOR DEFENDANT-APPELLANT.

SANDRA DOORLEY, DISTRICT ATTORNEY, ROCHESTER (NANCY GILLIGAN OF COUNSEL), FOR RESPONDENT.

PRESENT: CENTRA, J.P., FAHEY, CARNI, AND SCONIERS, JJ.

It is hereby ORDERED that the order so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.

Memorandum: On appeal from an order determining that defendant is a level three risk pursuant to the Sex Offender Registration Act ([SORA] Correction Law § 168 et seq.), defendant contends that Supreme Court violated Correction Law § 168-n (3) by making an upward departure from the presumptive risk level without requiring the People to provide him with prior notice of their intent to seek such a departure. We reject that contention. The Risk Assessment Instrument (RAI) prepared by the Board of Examiners of Sex Offenders assigned defendant 115 points, rendering him a presumptive level three risk. At the SORA hearing, the court agreed with defendant that he was incorrectly assessed 10 points for the recency of his prior offense, and thus the court reduced his RAI score by that amount, which placed him at the high end of the range for a presumptive level two risk. The court, however, properly concluded that, because defendant had convictions for two prior sex offenses, he is nevertheless a level three risk based on the presumptive override for a prior felony conviction of a sex crime (see Sex Offender Registration Act: Risk Assessment Guidelines and Commentary at 3-4 [2006]; People v Barnes, 34 A.D.3d 1227, 1227-1228, lv denied 8 N.Y.3d 803; see also People v Iverson, 90 A.D.3d 1561, 1562, lv denied 18 N.Y.3d 811). Defendant's reliance on the relevant notice provisions in Correction Law § 168-n (3) is misplaced inasmuch as the People did not seek an upward departure.


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