JAMES V. WILTSHIRE, Plaintiff,
KEAGAN MARIE WILLIAMS, JESSICA TROY, WILLIAM DARROW, CYRUS R. VANCE, JR., P.O. RAQUEL WARBURTON, SERGEANT RICARDO SANTOS, SERGEANT JOHN WERNICKU, THE CITY OF NEW YORK, and JOHANNA WIRTH, Defendants.
James V. Wiltshire, New York, NY, Pro Se.
Anne Louise Schwartz, Esq., NEW YORK COUNTY DISTRICT ATTORNEY'S OFFICE, New York, NY, Attorneys for Defendants Keagan Marie Williams, Jessica Troy, William Darrow and Cyrus R. Vance, Jr.
Mary Theresa O'Flynn, Esq., Bradford Collins Patrick, Esq., Steven Mark Silverberg, Esq., OFFICE OF CORPORATION COUNSEL OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK, New York, NY, Attorneys for Defendants City of New York and Raquel Warburton.
ROBERT W. SWEET, District Judge.
Plaintiff James V. Wiltshire ("Plaintiff"), proceeding pro se, has moved for relief pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 60(b) ("Rule 60(b)") from the judgment issued on March 15, 2012. For the reasons discussed below, the motion is denied.
Plaintiff brought his initial complaint in this action on September 14, 2010. The complaint was dismissed in its entirety, without prejudice, by order dated March 18, 2011. Plaintiff brought an amended complaint on May 16, 2011, alleging violations of his constitutional rights, as well as related state law claims. The amended complaint named as defendants: Kaegan Marie Williams, Jessica Troy, William Darrow, Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., Sergeant Ricardo Santos, Sergeant John Wernicki, Johanna Wirth, P.O. Raquel Warburton and the City of New York. Defendants Williams, Troy, Darrow and Vance, Jr. (the "DA Defendants"), filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint on June 14, 2011, which was granted in its entirety by an opinion issued on January 3, 2012 (the "January 2012 Opinion"). Defendants Sergeant Ricardo Santos, Sergeant John Wernicki, Johanna Wirth, P.O. Raquel Warburton and the City of New York (the "City Defendants") moved for dismissal of the amended complaint on February 15, 2012, and that motion was granted in its entirety by a decision and order issued on March 15, 2012 (the "March 15, 2012 Order"). In the March 16, 2012 Order, the Court granted Plaintiff's motion for reconsideration with respect to the DA Defendants prior motion to dismiss pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 12(b)(6), but nonetheless affirmed the conclusion reached in the January 2012 Opinion granting the DA Defendants' motion to dismiss. Furthermore, the Court held that because any further amendment of the Plaintiff's complaint would be futile, Plaintiff's claims against the City Defendants and the DA Defendants were dismissed with prejudice.
Plaintiff subsequently appealed to the Second Circuit. On June 15, 2012, Plaintiff's appeal was deemed to be in default by the Second Circuit. Plaintiff application to reinstate his appeal was denied. The Second Circuit held that Plaintiff's appeal was frivolous for the reasons fully stated in the March 15, 2012 Order, and found no showing of manifest injustice. On November 27, 2012, the Second Circuit dismissed Plaintiff's appeal.
On March 13, 2013 Plaintiff filed a document entitled "Motion for Relief from Decision/Order dated March 15, 2012; Memorandum of mistakes of facts and laws in support of Plaintiff's motion for Relief from Decision/Order dated March 15, 2012" ("Pl. Rule 60(b) Motion"). This submission has been construed as a motion for relief pursuant to Rule 60(b) from the judgment issued on March 15, 2012.
The "disposition of a Rule 60(b) motion rests within the sound discretion of the District Court, " Canale v. Manco Power Sports, LLC, No. 06 Civ. 6131 (PKL), 2010 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 69652, at *5 (S.D.N.Y. July 13, 2010) (citing Tyger v. Air Line Pilots Ass'n, Int'l, No. 04 Civ. 55 (DLI) (RLM), 2007 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 16057, at *5 (E.D.N.Y. Mar. 7, 2007)), and "the burden of proof is on the party seeking relief from judgment." United States v. Int'l Bhd. Of Teamsters , 247 F.3d 370, 391 (2d Cir. 2001).
Section (b) of Rule 60 is designed to "strike a balance between serving the ends of justice and preserving the finality of judgments." Nemaizer v. Baker , 793 F.2d 58, 61 (2d Cir. 1986) (citations omitted). Rule 60(b) provides as follows:
On motion and just terms, the court may relieve a party or its legal representative from a final judgment, order, or proceeding for the following reasons: (1) mistake, inadvertence, surprise, or excusable neglect; (2) newly discovered evidence that, with reasonable diligence, could not have been discovered in time to move for a new trial under Rule 59(b); (3) fraud (whether previously called intrinsic or extrinsic), misrepresentation, or misconduct by an opposing party; (4) the judgment is void; (5) the judgment has been satisfied, released or discharged; it is based on an earlier judgment that has been reversed or vacated; or applying it prospectively is no longer equitable; or (6) any other reason that justifies relief.
Id. The Second Circuit has cautioned district courts against reopening final judgments by using Rule 60(b). Nemaizer , 793 F.2d at 61 (quotation marks and citations omitted). Further, "courts should not encourage the reopening of final judgment or casually permit relitigation of litigated issues out of a friendliness to claims of unfortunate failures to put in one's best case." United States v. Cirami , 563 F.2d 26, 33 (2d Cir. 1977). In general, "[m]otions for ...