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Golden Mountain Realty Inc. v. Severino

Supreme Court of New York, First Department

June 28, 2013

GOLDEN MOUNTAIN REALTY INC., Petitioner-Appellant,
v.
Abraham SEVERINO, Respondent-Respondent.

[971 N.Y.S.2d 641] Tarter Krinsky & Drogin LLP, New York City (Jeffrey H. Roth of counsel), for appellant.

New York Legal Assistance Group, New York City (Kamilla Sjodin and Yisroel Schulman of counsel), for respondent.

PRESENT: LOWE, III, P.J., SCHOENFELD, HUNTER, JR., JJ.

PER CURIAM.

Final judgment (Sabrina B. Kraus, J.), entered on or about February 29, 2012, reversed, petition reinstated and matter remanded for further proceedings consistent with this decision, with $30 costs to abide the event.

Petitioner commenced this holdover summary proceeding upon the death of the rent-controlled statutory tenant, based on allegations that respondent Severino's occupancy status was that of subtenant or licensee with no right to continued possession. The central focus of the trial was on respondent's properly pleaded succession defense, with respondent's counsel noting in pre-trial colloquy that " we waived jurisdictional defenses" in order to litigate the merits of what counsel described as a " strong" succession claim. Following a full trial on the merits, the court, sua sponte, dismissed petitioner's possessory cause of action because it did not first apply to the rent agency for a certificate of eviction. This was error, for in disputes involving succession rights, " administrative proceedings before the Division of Housing and Community Renewal (City Rent and Rehabilitation Law ยง 26-408; 9 NYCRR 2204.6) are not regarded as an exclusive remedy, and courts [including the Housing Part of Civil Court] have traditionally exercised concurrent jurisdiction in such cases" ( Cox v. J.D. Realty Assoc., 217 A.D.2d 179, 181, 637 N.Y.S.2d 27 [1995] [citations omitted]; see Misthopoulos v. Estate of Ruhl, 183 A.D.2d 651, 652, 584 N.Y.S.2d 42 [1992]; Schneyer v. Silberg, 156 A.D.2d 200, 201, 548 N.Y.S.2d 458 [1989] ). As this Court previously noted in closely analogous circumstances, a holding requiring a landlord to first obtain a certificate of eviction from DHCR vis-a-vis the occupant in possession " would necessarily relegate all succession claims where the rent-controlled tenant has permanently vacated to the more protracted processes of the administrative agency, effectively negating the summary remedy available under RPAPL 713" ( Bromer v. Rosensweig, 166 Misc.2d 201, 202, 634 N.Y.S.2d 43 [1995] ).

The dismissal order premised solely on the unraised certificate of eviction issue must fall under the controlling precedents cited above. We remand the matter for such further proceedings as may be necessary to determine the merits of tenant's succession defense, an issue not addressed in the court's written decision.


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