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In re New York Statewide Coalition of Hispanic Chambers of Commerce

Supreme Court of New York, First Department

July 30, 2013

In re New York Statewide Coalition of Hispanic Chambers of Commerce, et al., Petitioners-Respondents,
v.
The New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, et al., Respondents-Appellants. The National Alliance for Hispanic Health, The National Congress of Black Women, Inc., The New York Chapter of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses, Maya Rockeymoore, Ph.D., Montefiore Medical Center, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, The New York State American Academy of Pediatrics, District II, The Children's Aid Society, Prevention Institute, The California Endowment, Shape Up America!, Dr. Walter Willett, Comunilife, United Puerto Rican Organization of Sunset Park, The Harlem Health Promotion Center, The Association of Black Cardiologists, Inc., The National Association of Local Boards of Health, The American Public Health Association, The National Association of County and City Health Officials, The Public Health Association of New York City, ChangeLab Solutions, The Public Health Law Center, The Health Officers Association of California, Jennifer Pomeranz of the Rudd Center for Food Policy at Yale University, Prof. Lawrence O. Gostin of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University, Prof. Peter D. Jacobson, Prof. Lindsay F. Wiley, Prof. Wendy E. Parmet, Prof. Lance Gable, Prof. Micah L. Berman, The New York State Conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, The Hispanic Federation, The U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, The Mexican American Grocers Association, New York City Council Members Maria del Carmen Arroyo, Charles Barron, Fernando Cabrera, Leroy G. Comrie, Jr., Julissa Ferreras, Helen D. Foster, Daniel R. Garodnick, Vincent J. Gentile, Robert Jackson, Letitia James, Peter Koo, Oliver Koppell, Karen Koslowitz, Melissa Mark-Viverito, Darlene Mealy, Rosie Mendez, Michael C. Nelson, Annabel Palma, Diana Reyna, Donavan Richards, Ydanis Rodriguez, Deborah Rose and Mark Weprin, The Business Council of New York State, Inc., The Bodega Association of the United States, The New York City Hospitality Alliance, The National Supermarket Association, The Food Industry Alliance of New York State, Inc., The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, National Black Chamber of Commerce, National Federation of Independent Business, National Association of Manufacturers, Greater Harlem Chamber of Commerce, Staten Island Chamber of Commerce, Manhattan Chamber of Commerce, and New York Association of Convenience Stores and The Street Vendor Project, amici curiae. Index No. 653584/12

Respondents appeal from the order of the Supreme Court, New York County (Milton A. Tingling, J.), entered March 11, 2013, which, inter alia, granted the petition and declared invalid respondent New York City Board of Health's amendment to New York City Health Code § 81.53 barring the sale of sugary drinks in a cup or container able to contain more than 16 fluid ounces, and enjoined respondents from implementing or enforcing it.

Michael A. Cardozo, Corporation Counsel, New York (Fay Ng, Leonard J. Koerner, Pamela Seider Dolgow, Mark Muschenheim and Jasmine M. Georges of counsel), for appellants.

Latham & Watkins, LLP, Washington DC (Richard P. Bress of the bar of the District of Columbia, admitted pro hac vice, of counsel), for respondents, and James E. Brandt, New York, for The American Beverage Association, respondent.

Weil, Gotshal & Manges LLP, New York (James W. Quinn, Salvatore A. Romanello and Gregory Silbert of counsel), for The National Restaurant Association, respondent.

Mololamken LLP, New York (Steven F. Molo and Ben Quarmby of counsel), for The New York Statewide Coalition of Hispanic Chambers of Commerce and The New York Korean-American Grocers Association, respondents.

Rivkin Radler, LLP, Uniondale (Evan H. Krinick, Barry I. Levy and Brian L. Bank of counsel), for Soft Drink and Brewery Workers Union, Local 812, International Brotherhood of Teamsters, respondent.

Reese Richman LLP, New York (Kim E. Richman of counsel), for The National Alliance for Hispanic Health, The National Congress of Black Women, Inc., The New York Chapter of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses, Maya Rockeymoore, Ph.D., Montefiore Medical Center, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, The New York State American Academy of Pediatrics, District II, The Children's Aid Society, Prevention Institute, The California Endowment, Shape Up America!, Dr. Walter Willett, Comunilife, United Puerto Rican Organization of Sunset Park, The Harlem Health Promotion Center, and The Association of Black Cardiologists, Inc., amici curiae.

Bromberg Law Office, P.C., New York (Brian L. Bromberg of counsel), for The National Association of Local Boards of Health, The American Public Health Association, The National Association of County and City Health Officials, The Public Health Association of New York City, Changelab Solutions, The Public Health Law Center, The Health Officers Association of California, Jennifer Pomeranz of the Rudd Center for Food Policy at Yale University, Prof. Lawrence O. Gostin of the O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown University, Prof. Peter D. Jacobson, Prof. Lindsay F. Wiley, Prof. Wendy E. Parmet, Prof. Lance Gable and Prof. Micah L. Berman, amici curiae.

King & Spalding LLP, New York (Ann M. Cook of counsel), for The New York State Conference of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, The Hispanic Federation, The U.S. Hispanic Chamber of Commerce and The Mexican American Grocers Association, amici curiae.

Watkins, Bradley & Chen LLP, New York (Clifford Y. Chen, Stephanie F. Bradley and Adam F. Watkins of counsel), for New York City Council Members Maria Del Carmen Arroyo, Charles Barron, Fernando Cabrera, Leroy G. Comrie, Jr., Julissa Ferreras, Helen D. Foster, Daniel R. Garodnick, Vincent J. Gentile, Robert Jackson, Letitia James, Peter Koo, Oliver Koppell, Karen Koslowitz, Melissa Mark-Viverito, Darlene Mealy, Rosie Mendez, Michael C. Nelson, Annabel Palma, Diana Reyna, Donavan Richards, Ydanis Rodriguez, Deborah Rose and Mark Weprin, amici curiae.

Featherstonhaugh, Wiley & Clyne, LLP, Albany (James D. Featherstonhaugh of counsel), for The Business Council of New York State, Inc., The Bodega Association of the United States, The New York City Hospitality Alliance, The National Supermarket Association and The Food Industry Alliance of New York State, Inc., amici curiae.

Shapiro, Arato & Isserles LLP, New York (Alexandra A.E. Shapiro, Marc E. Isserles and Chetan A. Patil of counsel), for The Chamber of Commerce of the United States of America, National Black Chamber of Commerce, National Federation of Independent Business, National Association of Manufacturers, Greater Harlem Chamber of Commerce, Staten Island Chamber of Commerce, Manhattan Chamber of Commerce, and New York Association of Convenience Stores, amici curiae.

Friedman Kaplan Seiler & Adelman LLP, New York (Bruce S. Kaplan and Yitzchak E. Soloveichik of counsel), for The Street Vendor Project, amicus curiae.

David Friedman, J.P., Dianne T. Renwick, Rosalyn H. Richter, Paul G. Feinman, JJ.

RENWICK, J.

In this hybrid CPLR article 78/declaratory judgment proceeding, we are called upon to decide the constitutionality of the New York City Board of Health's Sugary Drinks Portion Cap Rule. The Sugary Drinks Portion Cap Rule, dubbed the "Soda Ban, " prohibits New York City restaurants, movie theaters and other food service establishments from serving sugary drinks in sizes larger than 16 ounces. Like Supreme Court, we conclude that in promulgating this regulation the Board of Health failed to act within the bounds of its lawfully ...


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