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TMA Construction v. The Community Preservation Corp.

Supreme Court, New York, County

October 9, 2013

TMA CONSTRUCTION, Plaintiff,
v.
THE COMMUNITY PRESERVATION CORP. and 471 WEST 145th STREET HOUSING DEVELOPMENT FUND CORPORATION, Defendants. Index No. 650961/13

Unpublished Opinion

DECISION AND ORDER

HON. EILEEN A. RAKOWER, J.S.C.

This action alleges breach of contract and breach of quasi-contract/unjust enrichment against defendants The Community Preservation Corp. ("CPC") and 471 West 145th Street Housing Development Fund Corporation ("471 HDFC") and seeks to recover $184, 000 that plaintiff allegedly advanced on behalf of 471 HDFC.

The Complaint alleges that Plaintiff TMA Construction ("Plaintiff), as general contractor, and defendant 471 HDFC, as property owner, entered into a Construction Contract, pursuant to which Plaintiff was to perform services with respect to the construction and/or renovation of the subject property. The Complaint alleges that the Construction Contract required Plaintiff to provide a construction security deposit to defendant CPC in the amount of $184, 000 which was to be returned upon the completion of Plaintiff s work, that Plaintiff provided said security deposit to CPC, and that defendants 471 HDFC and CPC breached the Contract by failing to return the deposit upon the completion of Plaintiff s work.

Presently before the Court is defendant CPC's motion to dismiss Plaintiffs Complaint, pursuant to CPLR §§3211(a)(1) and (7). Plaintiff opposes CPC's motion and further, cross moves pursuant to CPLR §3215 for a default judgment against defendant 471 HDFC. Defendant 471 HDFC does not oppose.

Defendant CPC's Motion to Dismiss

In support of its motion to dismiss, CPC submits the affirmation of Andrew W. Gewell, which annexes a copy of the Complaint and a copy of the Pledge Security Agreement, dated June 29, 2006, entered between CPC, as Lender, and defendant 471 HDFC, as Pledgor.

CPLR §3211 provides, in relevant part:

(a) a party may move for judgment dismissing one or more causes of action asserted against him on the ground that:
(1) a defense is founded upon documentary evidence;
(7) the pleading fails to state a cause of action.

In determining whether dismissal is warranted for failure to state a cause of action, the court must "accept the facts alleged as true ... and determine simply whether the facts alleged fit within any cognizable legal theory." (People ex rel. Spitzer v. Sturm, Ruger & Co., Inc., 309 A.D.2d 91 [1st Dept. 2003]) (internal citations omitted) (see CPLR §3211 [a][7]).

On a motion to dismiss pursuant to CPLR §3211(a)(1), "the court may grant dismissal when documentary evidence submitted conclusively establishes a defense to the asserted claims as a matter of law." (Beal Sav. Bank v. Sommer, 8 N.Y.3d 318, 324 [2007]) (internal citations omitted). "When evidentiary material is considered, the criterion is whether the proponent of the pleading has a cause of action, not whether he has stated one." (Guggenheimer v. Ginzburg, 43 N.Y.2d 268, 275 [ 1977]) (emphasis added). A movant is entitled to dismissal under CPLR §3211 when his or her evidentiary submissions flatly contradict the legal conclusions and factual allegations of the complaint. (Rivietz v. Wolohojian, 3S A.D 3d. 301 [1st Dept.2007]) (citation omitted).

Turning the four corners of the Complaint, and accepting all allegations as true, the Complaint sets forth a claim as against CPC based on CPC's alleged receipt of funds deposited by Plaintiff and CPC's refusal to return said funds upon completion of Plaintiffs work as required under the alleged contract. Furthermore, CPC's submission ...


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