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In re Joannis P.

Supreme Court of New York, Third Department

October 17, 2013

In the Matter of JOANNIS P. and Others, Alleged to be Permanently Neglected Children. SCHENECTADY COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES, AND ORDER Respondent; and JOSEPH Q., Appellant. (And Another Related Proceeding.)

Calendar Date: September 6, 2013

Paul J. Connolly, Delmar, for appellant.

Jennifer M. Barnes, Schenectady County Department of Social Services, Schenectady, for respondent.

Samantha H. Miller, Schenectady, attorney for the children.

Before: Lahtinen, J.P., Stein, McCarthy and Egan Jr., JJ.


Stein, J.

Appeals from two orders of the Family Court of Schenectady County (Powers, J.), entered October 15, 2012 and October 18, 2012, which granted petitioner's application, in a proceeding pursuant to Social Services Law § 384-b, to adjudicate the subject children to be permanently neglected, and terminated respondent's parental rights.

Respondent is the father of Joannis P. (born 2005), Carmen P. (born 2006) and Joseph P. (born 2008), each of whom was removed from his care in August 2009 as a result of his relapse into drug abuse. At that time, respondent was on probation and was required to, among other things, report to his probation officer and submit to random searches and drug tests. Respondent admitted to using heroin and his probation officer directed him to report to an inpatient drug treatment facility on September 1, 2009. Although he agreed to receive treatment, he failed to report to the facility and a probation violation petition was filed. In January 2010, he was arrested, his probation was revoked and he was thereafter incarcerated.

In the meantime, the children remained in petitioner's care and were placed in foster homes; Carmen and Joseph resided in one home [1] and, due to behavior issues, Joannis was placed in a separate, therapeutic foster home. A petition to terminate respondent's parental rights based on abandonment was filed, but was dismissed following a fact-finding hearing [2]. Nonetheless, petitioner filed the subject petition in December 2010, alleging that respondent had permanently neglected his children by, among other things, failing to plan for their future [3]. After a fact-finding hearing, Family Court determined that respondent had permanently neglected the children and, following a dispositional hearing, terminated his parental rights. Respondent now appeals, and we affirm.

As a threshold matter, petitioner was required to prove by clear and convincing evidence that it made diligent efforts to encourage and strengthen the relationship between respondent and the children (see Social Services Law § 384-b [7] [a]; Matter of Johanna M. [John L.], 103 A.D.3d 949, 949-950 [2013], lv denied 21 N.Y.3d 855 [2013]; Matter of James J. [James K.], 97 A.D.3d 936, 936-937 [2012]). With respect to a parent who is not incarcerated, diligent efforts generally "'include counseling, making suitable arrangements for visitation, providing assistance to the parent[] to resolve or ameliorate the problems preventing discharge of the child[ren] to [the parent's] care and advising the parent at appropriate intervals of the child[ren]'s progress and development" (Matter of Hailey ZZ. [Ricky ZZ.], 19 N.Y.3d 422, 429

[2012], quoting Matter of Star Leslie W., 63 N.Y.2d 136, 142 [1984]; see Social Services Law § 384-b [7] [f]; Matter of James J. [James K.], 97 A.D.3d at 937). On the other hand, "[w]here a parent is incarcerated, petitioner's duty to facilitate the parental relationship may be satisfied by, among other things, informing the parent of the children's well-being and progress, responding to the parent's inquiries, investigating relatives suggested by the parent as placement resources, and facilitating communication between the children and the parent" (Matter of Charles K. [Charles L.], 100 A.D.3d 1308, 1308 [2012]; accord Matter of Arianna I. [Roger I.], 100 A.D.3d 1281, 1285 [2012]; Matter of James J. [James K.], 97 A.D.3d at 937).

Here, petitioner's caseworker testified that, after the children's removal and before respondent was incarcerated on the probation violation, she met with respondent on multiple occasions, arranged for visits with his children and provided him with updates as to their placement and their progress. Although respondent lost contact with the caseworker for extended periods of time after his failure to appear at the treatment facility, the caseworker attempted to communicate with respondent through letters, visits to his home and telephone calls. Moreover, during respondent's subsequent incarceration, the caseworker met with him on several occasions to discuss the permanency of the children and their progress. She also brought the children for visits at the correctional facilities where respondent was located and sent respondent pictures of the children, report cards and status updates. In addition, the caseworker explored whether respondent's sister was a possible custodial option [4]. In light of the foregoing, we agree with Family Court's determination that petitioner met its burden of establishing that it made the requisite diligent efforts to facilitate respondent's relationship with the children (see Matter of Johanna M. [John L.], 103 A.D.3d at 950; Matter of James J. [James K.], 97 A.D.3d at 937; Matter of Marquise JJ. [Jamie KK.], 91 A.D.3d 1137, 1138-1139 [2012], lv denied 19 N.Y.3d 801 [2012]). [5]

Next, petitioner was required to demonstrate, "by clear and convincing evidence, that respondent failed 'substantially and continuously or repeatedly to maintain contact with or plan for the future of the child[ren], although physically and financially able to do so' for a period of at least one year or 15 out of the most recent 22 months following the date the children were taken into petitioner's care" (Matter of James J. [James K.], 97 A.D.3d at 938, quoting Social Services Law § 384-b [7] [a]; see Matter of Hailey ZZ. [Rickey ZZ.], 19 N.Y.3d at 429). Notably, respondent's incarceration did not obviate his obligation "to develop a realistic plan for the children's future" (Matter of Johanna M. [John L.], 103 A.D.3d at 950; see Matter of James J. [James K.], 97 A.D.3d at 938; Matter of Hannah T. [Joshua U.], 95 A.D.3d 1609, 1610 [2012], lv denied 19 N.Y.3d 813 [2012]; Matter of Marquise JJ. [Jamie KK.], 91 A.D.3d at 1139-1140), and the record supports Family Court's finding that he failed to do so.

After the children were removed from respondent's home, he refused to enter the treatment facility recommended by his probation officer, failed to maintain contact with petitioner for four out of the five months immediately preceding his incarceration and missed numerous visits with his children. During his incarceration, respondent's only plan for the children was that they be returned to his care, even though it was expected that he would be incarcerated for 2 to 6 years. Respondent's belated suggestion — made more than a year after the children's removal — that his girlfriend take custody of them was neither realistic nor viable [6]. Therefore, we discern no basis to disturb Family Court's finding that respondent permanently neglected the children ...

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