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Lanoce v. Mellace

United States District Court, Second Circuit

November 6, 2013

SHAUN LANOCE, Plaintiff,
v.
FRANK MELLACE, COUNTY OF ONEIDA DISTRICT ATTORNEY SCOTT McNAMARA, ONEIDA COUNTY COURT, Defendants.

SHAUN LANOCE, 12-B-0096 Plaintiff pro se Coxsackie Correctional Facility West Coxsackie, NY.

ORDER and REPORT-RECOMMENDATION

THÉRÈSE WILEY DANCKS, Magistrate Judge.

The Clerk has sent this pro se complaint together with two applications to proceed in forma pauperis to the Court for review. (Dkt. Nos. 1, 6, and 7.) For the reasons discussed below, I grant Plaintiff's second in forma pauperis application (Dkt. No. 7), deny the first in forma pauperis application (Dkt. No. 6) as moot, and recommend that the action be dismissed without leave to amend.

I. ALLEGATIONS OF THE COMPLAINT

Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Frank Mellace served as his criminal defense attorney from approximately June 2011 through 2012. (Dkt. No. 1 at 5.) Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Mellace referred to Plaintiff with anti-gay epithets and did not approve of homosexual relationships. Id. Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Mellace "[t]hreatened me with loads of time if I didn't take a plea" and "[t]old me if I picked a jury trial the D.A. and the people from that area didn't like fags!!" Id. Plaintiff alleges that Defendant Mellace did not explain anything to him and "[o]nly made a point of making me accept a plea offer or else promising me 25 years." Id. In addition to Defendant Mellace, Plaintiff names Oneida District Attorney Scott McNamara and the Oneida County Court as Defendants. Id. at 2. Plaintiff brings this suit under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 (2012) seeking a reduction in his sentence, compensatory damages, and punitive damages. (Dkt. No. 1 at 5.)

II. PLAINTIFF'S APPLICATION TO PROCEED IN FORMA PAUPERIS

Plaintiff has applied to proceed in forma pauperis. (Dkt. No. 7.) A court may grant in forma pauperis status if a party "is unable to pay" the standard fee for commencing an action. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1) (2006). After reviewing Plaintiff's in forma pauperis application (Dkt. No. 7), I find that Plaintiff meets this standard. Therefore, Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis is granted.[1]

III. LEGAL STANDARD FOR INITIAL REVIEW OF COMPLAINT

28 U.S.C. § 1915(e) (2006) directs that when "any person" proceeds in forma pauperis, "the court shall dismiss the case at any time if the court determines that... the action... (i) is frivolous or malicious; (ii) fails to state a claim on which relief may be granted; or (iii) seeks monetary relief against a defendant who is immune from such relief." 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2) (2006).

In order to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, a complaint must contain, inter alia, "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief." Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2). The requirement that a plaintiff "show" that he or she is entitled to relief means that a complaint "must contain sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)) (emphasis added). "Determining whether a complaint states a plausible claim for relief... requires the... court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense.... [W]here the well-pleaded facts do not permit the court to infer more than the mere possibility of misconduct, the complaint has alleged - but it has not shown - that the pleader is entitled to relief." Id. at 679 (internal citation and punctuation omitted).

"In reviewing a complaint... the court must accept the material facts alleged in the complaint as true and construe all reasonable inferences in the plaintiff's favor." Hernandez v. Coughlin, 18 F.3d 133, 136 (2d Cir. 1994) (citation omitted). Courts are "obligated to construe a pro se complaint liberally." Harris v. Mills, 572 F.3d 66, 72 (2d Cir. 2009). However, "the tenet that a court must accept as true all of the allegations contained in a complaint is inapplicable to legal conclusions. Threadbare recitals of the elements of a cause of action, supported by mere conclusory statements, do not suffice." Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678.

When screening a complaint, the court has the duty to show liberality towards pro se litigants. Nance v. Kelly, 912 F.2d 605, 606 (2d Cir. 1990) (per curiam). "[E]xtreme caution should be exercised in ordering sua sponte dismissal of a pro se complaint before the adverse party has been served and [the] parties have had an opportunity to respond." Anderson v. Coughlin, 700 F.2d 37, 41 (2d Cir. 1983).

IV. ANALYSIS

A. Claim Against ...


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