November 8, 2013
THEODORE F. BARNES, JR., PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT,
LISA A. DELLAPENTA, D.W. DELLAPENTA, JR., AND ANNE THOMPSON, AS VOLUNTARY ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF J. ANDREW THOMPSON, DECEASED, DEFENDANTS-RESPONDENTS.
Appeal from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Erie County (John F. O'Donnell, J.), entered August 2, 2012 in a personal injury action. The judgment dismissed the complaint upon a verdict of no cause of action.
CELLINO & BARNES, P.C., BUFFALO (GREGORY V. PAJAK OF COUNSEL), FOR PLAINTIFF-APPELLANT.
KENNEY SHELTON LIPTAK NOWAK LLP, BUFFALO (NANCY A. LONG OF COUNSEL), FOR DEFENDANTS-RESPONDENTS LISA A. DELLAPENTA AND D.W. DELLAPENTA, JR.
LAW OFFICES OF LAURIE G. OGDEN, BUFFALO (TARA E. WATERMAN OF COUNSEL), FOR DEFENDANT-RESPONDENT ANNE THOMPSON, AS VOLUNTARY ADMINISTRATOR OF THE ESTATE OF J. ANDREW THOMPSON, DECEASED.
PRESENT: SCUDDER, P.J., CENTRA, CARNI, LINDLEY, AND SCONIERS, JJ.
It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously affirmed without costs.
Plaintiff commenced this action to recover damages for injuries he allegedly sustained when the vehicle he was driving was rear-ended in a chain-reaction motor vehicle accident involving a vehicle driven by defendant D.W. Dellapenta, Jr. and a vehicle driven by J. Andrew Thompson (decedent), whose estate was substituted as a defendant. The accident occurred on a cold, clear and sunny winter day, when strong winds caused a sudden and temporary whiteout as snow was blown across an inclined off-ramp connecting the eastbound New York State Thruway to Interstate 290 in the Town of Amherst. Plaintiff appeals from a judgment dismissing his complaint entered upon a jury verdict of no cause of action.
Supreme Court gave the jury a sudden stopping charge (see PJI 2:83) as made applicable to defendants and plaintiff, and plaintiff contends that the court erred in including him in that charge. We reject that contention. While plaintiff claimed that he was forced to stop due to the actions of the vehicle ahead of him (see generally Carhuayano v J & R Hacking, 28 A.D.3d 413, 414), Dellapenta testified that plaintiff did not slow down before the whiteout, he did not see any vehicles ahead of plaintiff, plaintiff's vehicle was completely stopped in the whiteout, he never saw plaintiff's brake or hazard lights, and plaintiff told Dellapenta after the accident that he stopped because he could not see. Thus, the issue whether plaintiff "stopped suddenly, without an apparent reason to do so, " was properly submitted to the jury (Stalikas v United Materials, 306 A.D.2d 810, 811, affd 100 N.Y.2d 626; see Niemiec v Jones, 237 A.D.2d 267, 268).
We reject plaintiff's further contention that the court erred in instructing the jury on the emergency doctrine (see PJI 2:14) inasmuch as, evaluating the evidence in the light most favorable to defendants, a reasonable view of the evidence supported the conclusion that a sudden and temporary whiteout constituted a qualifying emergency (see Lifson v City of Syracuse, 17 N.Y.3d 492, 497; Sossin v Lewis, 9 A.D.3d 849, 850-851, amended on rearg 11 A.D.3d 1045; Barber v Young, 238 A.D.2d 822, 823-824, lv denied 90 N.Y.2d 808). Although Dellapenta had previously experienced whiteouts at that location and decedent had experienced blowing snow at that location, such experience does not negate the applicability of the emergency doctrine "as to the events in issue in this case" (Kuci v Manhattan & Bronx Surface Tr. Operating Auth., 88 N.Y.2d 923, 924).
Plaintiff failed to preserve for our review his contention that the verdict was against the weight of the evidence because there is no indication in the record that he made a posttrial motion to set aside the verdict (see Homan v Herzig [appeal No. 2], 55 A.D.3d 1413, 1413-1414). In any event, "the preponderance of the evidence in favor of the plaintiff [was not] so great that the verdict could not have been reached upon any fair interpretation of the evidence" (Wilson v Mary Imogene Bassett Hosp., 307 A.D.2d 748, 748; see Stalikas, 306 A.D.2d at 810-811).