Calendar Date: October 7, 2013.
Thomas F. Garner, Middleburgh, for appellant.
D. Holley Carnright, District Attorney, Kingston (Joan Gudesblatt Lamb of counsel), for respondent.
Before: Stein, J.P., McCarthy, Spain and Garry, JJ.
MEMORANDUM AND ORDER
Appeals (1) from a judgment of the County Court of Ulster County (McGinty, J.), rendered June 30, 2010, which revoked defendant's probation and imposed a sentence of imprisonment, and (2) from a judgment of said court, rendered February 23, 2011, which resentenced defendant.
In 2008, defendant pleaded guilty to rape in the second degree and criminal contempt in the first degree and was sentenced to an aggregate term of probation of 10 years. In addition, a 10-year order of protection was issued precluding defendant from having any contact with the victim. In 2010, defendant's probation officer filed an affidavit of violation of probation alleging that, while defendant was incarcerated at the Ulster County jail on an unrelated matter, he enlisted another inmate to call the rape victim several times, thereby violating conditions of his probation requiring him to refrain from the commission of any crimes, refrain from contact with the victim and abide by the terms of any order of protection. Following a hearing at which County Court found that defendant violated his probation, the court revoked his probation and imposed concurrent prison sentences of five years on the rape conviction and 1⅓ to 4 years on the criminal contempt conviction. Recognizing that the sentence imposed upon the rape conviction was not authorized, County Court resentenced defendant to a prison term of 2⅓ to 7 years on that conviction. Defendant now appeals.
Contrary to defendant's claims, the People proved by a preponderance of the evidence that defendant violated a condition of his probation (see CPL 410.70 ; People v Bevilacqua, 91 A.D.3d 1120, 1120 ; People v Hunter, 62 A.D.3d 1207, 1208 ; People v DeMarco, 60 A.D.3d 1107, 1108 ). Hearsay evidence is admissible in probation violation proceedings, although such evidence will not alone support the finding of a violation (see People v Bevilacqua, 91 A.D.3d at 1120; People v Hunter, 62 A.D.3d at 1208). In this case, in addition to the probation officer's hearsay testimony and the terms of defendant's probation, nonhearsay evidence was submitted through the testimony of the inmate witness, who placed the phone calls to the victim at defendant's behest, and the victim's mother, who had firsthand knowledge of the phone calls. According appropriate deference to County Court's credibility determinations, we find that the record amply supports the finding that defendant violated the terms of his probation (see People v DeMarco, 60 A.D.3d at 1108). Given the seriousness of the underlying crime, defendant's criminal history and his demonstrated inability to abide by the terms of his probation, we find no abuse of discretion in County Court's resentence, nor do we perceive any extraordinary circumstances that would warrant a reduction of the resentence (see People v D'Entremont, 95 A.D.3d 1507, 1508-1509 , lv denied 19 N.Y.3d 1025 ; People v Hunter, 62 A.D.3d at 1208). Defendant's remaining contention, that County Court erred in denying his motion to dismiss or hold the proceeding in abeyance until resolution of pending criminal charges, is unavailing (see People v Conway, 263 A.D.2d 548, 549 , lv denied 94 N.Y.2d 861 ; see also People v Ruff, 50 A.D.3d 1167, 1168 ).
Stein, J.P., McCarthy and Garry, JJ., ...