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Kindell v. New York State Department of Correction

United States District Court, Second Circuit

November 22, 2013



LORNA G. SCHOFIELD, District Judge.

Plaintiff Eugene Kindell brings this § 1983 suit against Defendants Correction Officer Ruff, Correction Officer Rivera, Correction Officer Thompson, Captain Nee Ching, and the City of New York. Plaintiff alleges that one of the Defendant Corrections Officers took legal documents from his cell during an institutional search in violation of the United States Constitution. Plaintiff and Defendants cross-move for summary judgment. For the reasons stated below, Defendants' motion for summary judgment is granted in its entirety.

I. Background

In December 2011, Plaintiff was sentenced for the crimes underlying his current incarceration. His appeal of that conviction is ongoing, and Plaintiff was appointed counsel in that appeal on June 26, 2012. On February 4, 2012, Plaintiff was incarcerated on Riker's Island in the Robert N. Davoren Center. While Plaintiff was at a court hearing that day, an institutional search of his cell was conducted. When Plaintiff returned from the court hearing, his cell contained a document stating that his cell had been searched by Defendant Correction Officer Thompson. The following day Plaintiff reported to Defendant Correction Officer Ruff that he was missing legal documents. Correction Officer Ruff reported the issue to Defendant Captain Nee Ching. Approximately two months later, Plaintiff later received copies of the missing documents from his daughter.

II. Legal Standard

Because "most pro se plaintiffs lack familiarity with the formalities of pleading requirements, " this Court "must construe pro se complaints liberally, applying a more flexible standard to evaluate their sufficiency than [the Court] would when reviewing a complaint submitted by counsel." Lerman v. Bd. of Elections, 232 F.3d 135, 139-140 (2d Cir. 2000). "However, at some point in a lawsuit even pro se litigants must make clear to the court their claims and the facts that they believe entitle them to specific relief. The summary judgment stage is an appropriate juncture to identify the real issues in a case." Salahuddin v. Coughlin, 781 F.2d 24, 29 (2d Cir. 1986).

A motion for summary judgment may not be granted unless all of the submissions taken together show "that there is no genuine dispute as to any material fact and the movant is entitled to judgment as a matter of law." Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(a); accord El Sayed v. Hilton Hotels Corp., 627 F.3d 931, 933 (2d Cir. 2010). "The moving party bears the burden of establishing the absence of any genuine issue of material fact." Zalaski v. City of Bridgeport Police Dep't, 613 F.3d 336, 340 (2d Cir. 2010). In deciding a motion for summary judgment, a court must "construe the facts in the light most favorable to the non-moving party and must resolve all ambiguities and draw all reasonable inferences against the movant." Brod v. Omya, Inc., 653 F.3d 156, 164 (2d Cir. 2011) (internal quotation marks omitted). Not every disputed factual issue is material in light of the substantive law that governs the case. "Only disputes over facts that might affect the outcome of the suit under the governing law will properly preclude the entry of summary judgment." Anderson v. Liberty Lobby, Inc., 477 U.S. 242, 248 (1986).

III. Discussion

Construing Plaintiff's Complaint liberally, Plaintiff brings § 1983 claims against the Corrections Officers pursuant to the First and Fourth Amendment arising out of the loss of his legal papers, a claim for deprivation of property without due process, and a Monell claim against the City of New York for the Department of Correction's failure to adequately supervise employees in their institutional searches of inmate cells.

A. Fourth Amendment Violation

Because "society is not prepared to recognize as legitimate any subjective expectation of privacy that a [convict] might have in his prison cell" there can be no Fourth Amendment violation for institutional searches of a prison cell. Willis v. Artuz, 301 F.3d 65, 69 (2d Cir. 2002) (alteration in original) (internal quotation marks omitted). Accordingly, to the extent the Plaintiff made a § 1983 claim pursuant to the Fourth Amendment, summary judgment is granted to Defendants.

B. Deprivation of Property

Plaintiff's allegations concerning his missing documents could be construed to allege a deprivation of his property without due process. "[A]n unauthorized intentional deprivation of property by a state employee does not constitute a violation of the procedural requirements of the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment if a meaningful post[-]deprivation remedy for the loss is available." Hudson v. Palmer, 468 U.S. 517, 533 (1984). New York offers such a remedy through Article 78 proceedings. Locurto v. Safir, 264 F.3d 154, 174-175 (2d Cir. 2001); Chaney v. Koupash, No. 04 ...

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