Robert S. Dean, Center for Appellate Litigation, New York (Susan H. Salomon of counsel), for appellant.
Cyrus R. Vance, Jr., District Attorney, New York (Eleanor J. Ostrow of counsel), for respondent.
Mazzarelli, J.P., Sweeny, DeGrasse, Manzanet-Daniels, Feinman, JJ.
Judgment of resentence, Supreme Court, New York County (Edward J. McLaughlin, J.), rendered May 23, 2012, resentencing defendant to consecutive terms of 25 years on his conviction of robbery in the first degree and 15 years on his conviction of assault in the first degree, unanimously affirmed.
On a prior appeal (79 A.D.3d 644 [1st Dept 2010], affd 18 N.Y.3d 667 ), this Court determined that certain sentences that the trial court had imposed consecutively should have been imposed concurrently. We remanded the matter in order to permit the trial court, if so inclined, to restructure the sentences to arrive at the same aggregate term it had previously imposed.
On remand, the resentencing court lawfully imposed consecutive sentences for a conviction of first-degree robbery (based on display of a firearm [Penal Law § 160.15) and a conviction of first-degree assault. As we have previously determined (79 A.D.3d at 645-646), the fact that those sentences had originally been imposed concurrently did not result in a violation of CPL 430.10, even though defendant's sentences had already commenced. Furthermore, the consecutive terms did not violate Penal Law § 70.25(2), because the robbery conviction was based on defendant's display of something appearing to be a firearm (which proved to be an actual firearm), and the assault count was based on defendant's separate act of shooting the victim (79 A.D.3d at 645; see also People v Ramirez, 89 N.Y.2d 444 ).
As did the Court of Appeals on the prior appeal, we reject defendant's argument that CPL 430.10 "would bar an appellate court from directing resentencing on all counts where the sentence on fewer than all of the counts was flawed" (see 18 N.Y.3d at 671). The sentence now under appeal was therefore authorized by law.
Defendant's argument that the consecutive terms violated Penal Law § 70.30(1)(a) is also without merit. That statute "was not intended to restrict the number or length of the sentences that may be imposed, but merely to direct how the aggregate length of those sentences should be calculated" (Roballo v Smith, 63 N.Y.2d 485, 489 ). Accordingly, sentences may run consecutively to each other even though each of those sentences is required to run concurrently with the same third sentence (Matter of Lopez v Goord, 51 A.D.3d 1231 [3d Dept 2008], lv denied 11 N.Y.3d 708 ; People v Lopez, 15 A.D.3d 232 [1st Dept 2005], lv denied 4 N.Y.3d 888 ).
The imposition of consecutive sentences was an appropriate exercise of discretion. Although the resentencing court was not required to consider defendant's alleged rehabilitative progress while incarcerated (see People v Kuey, 83 N.Y.2d 278, 282-283 ), it did, in fact, remark on such progress, but reasonably concluded that it was outweighed by the extreme heinousness of defendant's crime (the ...