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People v. Otigho

Supreme Court of New York, Second Department

January 8, 2014

The People of the State of New York, respondent,
Christopher Otigho, appellant. Ind. No. 3514/09

Lynn W. L. Fahey, New York, N.Y. (Dina Zloczower of counsel), for appellant, and appellant pro se.

Kenneth P. Thompson, District Attorney, Brooklyn, N.Y. (Leonard Joblove and Rhea A. Grob of counsel), for respondent.



Appeal by the defendant from a judgment of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Del Giudice, J.), rendered March 2, 2011, convicting him of attempted assault in the first degree, upon a jury verdict, and imposing sentence.

ORDERED that the judgment is reversed, on the law, and a new trial is ordered.

Viewing the evidence in the light most favorable to the prosecution (see People v Contes, 60 N.Y.2d 620, 621), we find that it was legally sufficient to establish the defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt. Moreover, in fulfilling our responsibility to conduct an independent review of the weight of the evidence (see CPL 470.15[5]; People v Danielson, 9 N.Y.3d 342), we nevertheless accord great deference to the jury's opportunity to view the witnesses, hear the testimony, and observe demeanor (see People v Mateo, 2 N.Y.3d 383, 410, cert denied 542 U.S. 946; People v Bleakley, 69 N.Y.2d 490, 495). Upon reviewing the record here, we are satisfied that the verdict of guilt was not against the weight of the evidence (see People v Romero, 7 N.Y.3d 633).

The trial court providently exercised its discretion in denying the defendant's request for a missing witness charge. The defendant failed to demonstrate that the witness was available and under the People's control (see People v Gonzalez, 68 N.Y.2d 424, 427-431; People v Stewart, 96 A.D.3d 880, 881).

Nevertheless, reversal is required based upon defense counsel's absence from an in camera interview with a sworn juror and the court's subsequent failure to disclose to the defense what that juror stated during the interview. The juror reported that a third party had told him that the defendant had an "aggressive demeanor, " was a "little wild, " was "somebody you don't mess around with, " and was someone he "should avoid." The trial court, in discharging the juror, merely told defense counsel that this juror had lied to the court and, thus, was grossly unqualified to continue serving pursuant to CPL 270.35.

"[A]n inquiry to determine the existence and extent of prejudice affecting the gross disqualification of a sworn juror... is inextricably related to defendant's entitlement to a fair hearing (see People v Mullen, 44 N.Y.2d 1, 6). Therefore, the unique, indispensable presence of at least the single-minded counsel for the accused' (People v Rosario, 9 N.Y.2d 286, 290) is minimally necessary to safeguard that fundamental fairness to defendant" (People v Darby, 75 N.Y.2d 449, 453-454).

Here, the absence of defense counsel from the in camera interview, coupled with the court's failure to disclose what the juror said, deprived the defense of the opportunity to inquire as to whether the juror made similar prejudicial statements to any other jurors (see generally People v O'Rama, 78 N.Y.2d 270, 279; see also People v Kisoon, 8 N.Y.3d 129).

The error was "inherently prejudicial, " requiring a new trial (People v Kisoon, 8 N.Y.3d at 135 [internal quotation marks omitted]).


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