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Custodio v. American Chain Link & Construction, Inc.

United States District Court, S.D. New York

January 13, 2014

VICTOR CUSTODIO, individually and on behalf of all other persons similarly situated, et al., Plaintiffs,


GEORGE B. DANIELS, District Judge.

Plaintiff Victor Custodio, individually and on behalf of all other persons similarly situated ("Plaintiffs"), brings a motion to recover his attorneys' fees and costs (the "Motion") pursuant to a settlement agreement with American Chain Link and Construction, Inc. and any related corporate entities and individuals ("Defendants"). Plaintiffs brought suit in 2006 alleging that Defendants owed them overtime wages under the Fair Labor Standards Act ("FLSA") 29 U.S.C. § 201, New York Labor Law § 652 and 12 N.Y.C.R.R. § 142-3.2, and seeking prevailing wages and supplemental benefits under New York State law. Plaintiffs originally sought to recover $106, 335.75[1] in attorneys' fees. The parties met on two occasions to discuss settlement offers.[2] On February 23, 2009, the parties reached a settlement agreement that provided for a payment of $62, 500 in damages to plaintiffs. The parties further stipulated that "the Court retains jurisdiction over any application for attorneys' fees by Plaintiffs' Counsel if fees cannot be resolved between the parties."

This Court referred the Motion to Magistrate Judge Henry Pitman for his Report and Recommendation. See Notice of Reassignment of Referral to a Magistrate J., Jan. 13, 2010, ECF No. 58. In his Report, Magistrate Judge Pitman recommends that Plaintiffs be awarded attorneys' fees and costs in the amount of $54, 061.85.[3] See Report & Recommendation, May 17, 2011, ECF No. 59. Defendants objected to the Report and Recommendation on the grounds that: (1) Plaintiffs' contract does not provide for recovery of attorneys' fees[4]; (2) Plaintiffs needlessly prolonged litigation[5]; (3) Plaintiffs' hourly rates are not reasonable; (4) Plaintiffs' attorneys engaged in "harassment and improper, shoddy and dilatory litigation practices"; (5) Plaintiffs had unsuccessful claims; (6) Plaintiffs' attorneys duplicated their time; (7) Plaintiffs' attorneys' time entries were vague and excessive; (8) Plaintiffs should be disallowed recovery of costs[6]; and (9) Plaintiffs' success was limited.[7] Defs' Objections to Magistrate's Report & Recommendation Concerning Pls' Appl. for Counsel Fees and Costs, June 17, 2011, ECF No. 61; see Defs' Reply in Further Supp. of their Objections to Magistrate's Report & Recommendation Concerning Pls' Appl. for Counsel Fees and Costs, July 22, 2011, ECF No. 65. This Court adopts Magistrate Judge Pitman's thorough and well-reasoned Report in its entirety.

The Court may accept, reject or modify, in whole or in part, the findings and recommendations set forth within the Report. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(10)(C). When there are objections to the Report, the Court must make a de novo determination of those portions of the Report to which objections are made. Id .; see also Rivera v. Barnhart , 423 F.Supp.2d 271, 273 (S.D.N.Y. 2006). The district judge may also receive further evidence or recommit the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b); 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). The Court need not conduct a de novo hearing on the matter. See United States v. Raddatz , 447 U.S. 667, 675-76 (1980). Rather, it is sufficient that the Court "arrive at its own, independent conclusions" regarding those portions to which objections were made. Nelson v. Smith , 618 F.Supp. 1186, 1189-90 (S.D.N.Y. 1985) (quoting Hernandez v. Estelle , 711 F.2d 619, 620 (5th Cir. 1983)). When no objections to a Report are made, the Court may adopt the Report if "there is no clear error on the face of the record." Adee Motor Cars, LLC v. Amato , 388 F.Supp.2d 250, 253 (S.D.N.Y. 2005) (citation omitted).

In his Report, Magistrate Judge Pitman advised the parties that pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Fed. R. Civ.P. 72(b), failure to file timely objections to the Report would result in waiver of objections and preclude appellate review. Defendants filed an objection to the Report and Recommendation. Plaintiff filed an opposition and Defendants filed a reply in further support of their objections.

In any action brought under the FLSA or New York Labor Law, successful plaintiffs may recover reasonable attorneys' fees and costs, to be paid by the defendant. See 29 U.S.C. § 216(b); N.Y. Labor Law §§ 198, 663(1). The FLSA and New York Labor Law also permit awarding of reasonable attorneys' fees and costs in cases of settlements. See Kahlil v. Original Old Homestead Rest., Inc., 657 F.Supp.2d 470, 474 (S.D.N.Y. 2009) ("Where, as here, plaintiffs obtained a favorable settlement, they are entitled to an award of attorneys' fees: [t]he fact that plaintiff prevailed through a settlement rather than through litigation does not weaken plaintiff's claim to fees.'") (quoting Maher v. Gagne, 448 U.S. 122, 129 (1980)).

Reasonable attorneys' fees are determined by calculating the "number of hours reasonably expended on the litigation multiplied by a reasonable hourly rate." Arbor Hill Concerned Citizens Neighborhood Ass'n v. County of Albany, 522 F.3d 182, 186 (1983) (quoting Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 433 (1983)). The reasonable hourly rate should conform to rates "prevailing in the community for similar services by lawyers of reasonably comparable skill, experience and reputation." Blum v. Stenson, 465 U.S. 886, 895 n. 11 (1984). The fee applicant bears the burden of demonstrating by "satisfactory evidence... that the requested rates are in line with those prevailing in the community." Blum, 465 U.S. at 895 n. 11.

To determine reasonable hourly rates, courts first examine the attorney's experience. Kahlil, 657 F.Supp.2d at 475. Magistrate Judge Pitman's determination that the rates for Melendez and Ambinder are "consistent with the prevailing rates in the district, and, therefore, reasonable" was proper.[8] The record demonstrates that Magistrate Judge Pitman's recommended hourly rates are consistent with Plaintiffs' attorneys' qualifications and experience. See Wong v. Hunda Glass Corp., No. 09 Civ. 4402(RLE), 2010 WL 3452417, at *3 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 1, 2010) (finding a rate of $350 per hour on the FLSA claim to be reasonable based on attorney's "skill" and "number of years [sic] experience"). It was also proper for Magistrate Judge Pitman to recommend the rejection of the application for fees for the other attorneys and paralegals because there was insufficient information regarding their qualifications and experience. See Yea Kim v. 167 Nail Plaza, Inc., 2009 WL 77876, at *9 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 12, 2009) (reducing attorneys' fees for attorneys and paralegals where "no information has been provided as to [their] experience, reputation and ability'") (citing Arbor Hill, 522 F.3d at 186 n. 3; Tlacoapa v. Carregal, 386 F.Supp.2d 362, 370 (S.D.N.Y. 2005)) (finding the paralegal billing rate sought by plaintiffs' attorneys' "unreasonably high" in the absence of "information regarding their paralegal experience and the nature of their tasks"). Furthermore, it was proper for Magistrate Judge Pitman not to recommend a denial or reduction of attorneys' fees on the grounds that Plaintiffs needlessly prolonged the litigation because he credited Plaintiffs' argument that the $100, 000 initial settlement offer was understood to be for the proposed class, such that the settlement agreement of $62, 500 was "substantially more lucrative."

Moreover, Magistrate Judge Pitman properly reduced attorneys' fees for excessive, duplicative and vague time entries. See Tucker v. Mukasey, 03 CIV.3106 (LTS)(FM), 2008 WL 2544504, at *2 (S.D.N.Y. June 20, 2008) (reducing the hours for attorneys' fees where "billing entries are excessive, unnecessary, and/or vague"); Hensley v. Eckerhart, 461 U.S. 424, 434 (1983) (noting that district courts should exclude "excessive, redundant, or otherwise unnecessary" hours for calculations for attorneys' fees). It was also proper for Magistrate Judge Pitman to decline to reduce attorneys' fees for duplicative time entries[9]:

[A] trial judge may decline to compensate hours spent by collaborating lawyers or may limit the hours allowed for specific tasks, but for the most part such decisions are best made by the district court on the basis of its own assessment of what is appropriate for the scope and complexity of the particular litigation. A district court's determinations on such matters will be overturned on appeal only when it is apparent that the size of the award is out of line with the degree of effort reasonably needed to prevail in the litigation.

New York State Ass'n for Retarded Children, Inc. v. Carey, 711 F.2d 1136, 1146 (2d Cir. 1983).

Magistrate Judge Pitman's recommendation that Defendants reimburse Plaintiffs' attorneys for the $375 in costs in connection with obtaining copies of exhibit documents was also proper. Although Defendants argue that Plaintiffs' attorneys should not be reimbursed for such costs because the copies were "for the convenience of counsel, " Magistrate Judge Pitman properly found that the copies were necessary for discovery. See Turner v. Hudson Transit Lines, Inc., 142 F.R.D. 68, 78 (S.D.N.Y. 1991) (finding that "compensable costs may arise... from the discovery necessary to identify alternative sources of information").[10]

Finally, Magistrate Judge Pitman properly determined that counsels' fee award should not be reduced to achieve proportionality with the amount of recovery or for "harassment and improper, shoddy and dilatory litigation practices." This Court declines to ...

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