Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Carvel v. Durst

United States District Court, S.D. New York

February 24, 2014

PAMELA CARVEL, Plaintiff,
v.
DOUGLAS DURST, et al., Defendants.

ORDER

RICHARD J. SULLIVAN, District Judge.

Plaintiff Pamela Carvel brings this action against two groups of Defendants - the Durst Defendants and the County Defendants[1] - for claims arising under state tort law and pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Now before the Court are the motion of the County Defendants and the motion of the Durst Defendants to dismiss Plaintiff's claims, as well as the October 18, 2010 Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge George A. Yanthis recommending dismissal of all of Plaintiff's claims against the County Defendants (the "October 18 R&R") and the October 11, 2013 Report and Recommendation of Magistrate Judge Yanthis recommending dismissal of all of Plaintiff's claims against the Durst Defendants (the "October 11 R&R"). For the reasons set forth below, the Court adopts both R&Rs in their entirety and grants Defendants' motions.

I. BACKGROUND

The above-entitled matter was assigned to my docket on February 7, 2014.[2] On, July 29, 2009, Plaintiff, who is proceeding pro se, brought this action asserting claims arising under state tort law and pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983. Specifically, Plaintiff alleges that the Durst Defendants fraudulently attempted to acquire ownership of real property leased to Plaintiff, and that the County Defendants knowingly or negligently aided in that acquisition. By Order dated August 11, 2009, Judge Robinson referred this action to the Honorable George A. Yanthis, Magistrate Judge, for all matters. (Doc. No. 3.) The County Defendants filed a motion to dismiss on January 22, 2010. (Doc. No. 9.) On October 18, 2010, Judge Yanthis issued the October 18 R&R recommending dismissal of all of Plaintiff's claims against the County Defendants. The parties were required to file their objections to the October 18 R&R with Judge Owen by November 4, 2010. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b); Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(d). On November 10, 2010, six days after the filing deadline for objections, Plaintiff filed a motion for an extension of time in which to file her objection to the October 18 R&R. (Doc. No. 21.) Despite the fact that Judge Owen had not granted her request for an extension, on December 8, 2010, Plaintiff nonetheless submitted her objections as an attachment to her reply memorandum in support of her motion to extend. (Doc. No. 25)[3] Meanwhile, on November 10, 2010, the Durst Defendants filed a motion to dismiss. (Doc. No. 23)[4] On October 11, 2013, Judge Yanthis issued the October 11 R&R recommending dismissal of all of Plaintiff's claims against the Durst Defendants. (Doc. No. 29.) The parties were required to file their objections to the October 11 R&R by October 28, 2013. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b); Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(d). In the October 11 R&R, Judge Yanthis advised the parties that failure to file timely objections to the R&R would constitute a waiver of those objections. No party has filed objections to the October 11 R&R, and the time to do so has expired. Cf. Frank v. Johnson, 968 F.2d 298 (2d Cir. 1993).[5]

II. DISCUSSION

Pursuant to Rule 72 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, if a court refers a dispositive motion to a magistrate judge, the "magistrate judge must enter a recommended disposition, " also known as a report and recommendation. Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(1). Absent objections, a court may accept any finding or recommendation in a report that is not clearly erroneous. See Edwards v. Mazzuca, No. 00 Civ. 2290 (RJS) (KNF), 2007 WL 2994449, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Oct. 15, 2007) (citing Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b); Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140 (1985)). A magistrate judge's decision is clearly erroneous only if the district court is "left with the definite and firm conviction that a mistake has been committed." Easley v. Cromartie, 532 U.S. 234, 235, 242 (2001) (quoting United States v. U.S. Gypsum Co., 333 U.S. 364, 395 (1948)). When a party properly makes objections to a finding or recommendation, however, the court must review those findings or recommendations de novo. See 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3); United States v. Male Juvenile, 121 F.3d 34, 38 (2d Cir. 1997).

With respect to the October 18 R&R, no party has filed timely objections, and the time to do has expired. After reviewing the record, the Court finds that Judge Yanthis's well-reasoned October 18 R&R is not clearly erroneous. Accordingly, the Court adopts the October 18 R&R in its entirety. Moreover, even if the Court were to consider Plaintiffs December 8, 2010 objections as timely made, they would still not merit a different conclusion. For the most part, Plaintiff's objections do little more than restate her previous arguments and/or offer conclusory assertions of error on the part of Magistrate Judge Yanthis. Although pro se filings are generally accorded leniency, where a pro se party's objections to a report and recommendation are "conclusory or general, " or where a plaintiff "simply reiterates his original arguments, " the report should be reviewed only for clear error. Walker v. Vaughan, 216 F.Supp.2d 290, 292 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) (quoting Barratt v. Joie, No. 96 Civ. 0324 (LTS) (THK), 2002 WL 335014, at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 4, 2002) (citations omitted)). Moreover, to the extent that Plaintiff did raise specific objections to the R&R's findings with reference to (1) the "Notice of Claim" exhaustion requirement; (2) the statute of limitations; and (3) municipal liability pursuant to 42 U.S.C. § 1983, the Court finds that even under a de novo review of these portions of the R&R it would reach the same result.

With respect to the October 11 R&R, no party has filed objections - timely or otherwise - and the time to do so has expired. After reviewing the record, the Court find that Judge Yanthis's well-reasoned October 11 R&R is not clearly erroneous. Accordingly, the Court adopts the October 11 R&R in its entirety.

III. CONCLUSION

As set forth above, the Court adopts both R&Rs in their entirety and, for the reasons set forth therein, GRANTS Defendants' motions to dismiss all of Plaintiff's claims. The Clerk of Court is respectfully requested to terminate the motions pending at docket numbers 9, 21, and 23, and to close this case.

SO ORDERED.


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Official citation and/or docket number and footnotes (if any) for this case available with purchase.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.