United States District Court, N.D. New York
JENNIFER METZGER STINNETT, ESQ, FLUTZ MADDOX HOVIOUS & DICKENS, PLC, Louisville, Kentucky, Attorneys for Plaintiff.
BRIAN M. CULNAN, ESQ, ISEMAN, CUNNINGHAM, RIESTER & HYDE, LLP, Albany, New York, Attorneys for Plaintiff.
MEMORANDUM-DECISION AND ORDER
MAE A. D'AGOSTINO, District Judge.
On February 25, 2013, Plaintiff Chem Rx Pharmacy Services, LLC commenced this action alleging that Defendant defaulted on a Settlement and Forbearance Agreement ("Forbearance Agreement") and a 2012 Pharmacy Services Agreement ("2012 PSA"). See Dkt. No. 1. On March 29, 2013, Plaintiff moved for an entry of default, which was entered by the Clerk of the Court on October 1, 2012. See Dkt. Nos. 10, 11.
Currently before the Court is Plaintiff's motion for entry of a default judgment against Defendant pursuant to Rule 55(b) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure.
A. Standard of Review
"Generally, Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55 provides a two-step process that the Court must follow before it may enter a default judgment against a defendant.'" United States v. Simmons, No. 5:10-CV-1272, 2012 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 27787, *3 (N.D.N.Y. Mar. 2, 2012) (quotation omitted). "First, under Rule 55(a), when a party fails to plead or otherwise defend the clerk must enter the party's default.'" Id. (quotation omitted); Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(a). "Second, pursuant to Rule 55(b)(2), the party seeking default is required to present its application for entry of judgment to the court.'" Id. (quotation omitted). "Notice of the application must be sent to the defaulting party so that it has an opportunity to show cause why the court should not enter a default judgment.'" Id. (quotation omitted); Fed.R.Civ.P. 55(b)(2).
"When a default is entered, the defendant is deemed to have admitted all of the well-pleaded factual allegations in the complaint pertaining to liability." Bravado Int'l Group Merch. Servs. v. Ninna, Inc., 655 F.Supp.2d 177, 188 (E.D.N.Y. 2009) (citing Greyhound Exhibitgroup, Inc. v. E.L.U.L. Realty Corp., 973 F.2d 155, 158 (2d Cir. 1992)). "While a default judgment constitutes an admission of liability, the quantum of damages remains to be established by proof unless the amount is liquidated or susceptible of mathematical computation." Flaks v. Koegel, 504 F.2d 702, 707 (2d Cir. 1974) (citations omitted); see also Bravado Int'l, 655 F.Supp.2d at 189-90 (citation omitted). "[E]ven upon default, a court may not rubber-stamp the non-defaulting party's damages calculation, but rather must ensure that there is a basis for the damages that are sought." Overcash v. United Abstract Group, Inc., 549 F.Supp.2d 193, 196 (N.D.N.Y. 2008) (citing Credit Lyonnais Sec. (USA), Inc. v. Alcantara, 183 F.3d 151, 155 (2d Cir. 1999)). "The burden is on the plaintiff to establish its entitlement to recovery." Bravado Int'l, 655 F.Supp.2d at 189 (citing Greyhound Exhibitgroup, Inc., 973 F.2d at 158). "While the court must ensure that there is a basis for the damages specified in a default judgment, it may, but need not, make the determination through a hearing.'" Id. at 190 (quotation omitted).
In the case currently before the Court, Plaintiff has established through its complaint and attached exhibits that it is entitled to judgment in its favor. On March 4, 2013, the complaint and summons were properly served on Defendant. See Dkt. No. 9. Defendant has failed to answer the complaint or otherwise appear in this matter. The Court finds that Plaintiff has complied with the requirements for the Court to grant Plaintiff's motion as to liability under Local Rule 55.2(b); and, as such, Defendant has defaulted within the meaning of Rule 55(b)(2) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Therefore, the following factual allegations are deemed true for the purposes of establishing liability. See Bravado Int'l, 655 F.Supp.2d at 188; see also United States v. Beam, No. 6:12-CV-0087, 2012 WL 1802316 (N.D.N.Y. May 17, 2012) ("By failing to answer plaintiff's complaint or oppose this motion, defendant has effectively conceded that [it] is bound by the terms of the [Agreement] [it] entered into with plaintiff....").
On or about September 1, 2008, Plaintiff entered into a Pharmacy Services Agreement with Defendant to provide goods and services to Defendant. See Dkt. No. 1 at ¶ 9. On or about June 5, 2012, Plaintiff and Defendant entered into the Forbearance Agreement in which Defendant agreed that it owed $325, 826.18 to Plaintiff and agreed to make monthly payments towards the amounts owed for pharmacy goods and services provided through June 30, 2011 and to pay all invoices arising on or after July 1, 2011. See id. at ¶¶ 11-14. The Forbearance Agreement also reduced the amount due to $145, 826.18. See id. at 11.
On or about July 1, 2012 the parties entered into the 2012 PSA. See id. at ¶ 20. The 2012 PSA provided that Defendant would pay Plaintiff for goods and services, consistent with the Forbearance Agreement. See id. at ¶ 21. Defendant failed to pay the October 2012, November 2012, and December 2012 settlement payments due under the Forbearance Agreement and therefore defaulted. See id. at ¶ 24. Defendant failed to pay the September 2012 invoice ...