Joseph Giaramita, Brooklyn, for petitioner.
Michael A. Cardozo, Corporation Counsel, New York (Drake A. Colley of counsel), for respondents.
Sweeny, J.P., Renwick, Moskowitz, Richter, Gische, JJ.
Determination of respondent Police Commissioner, dated October 27, 2009, terminating petitioner from his position as a New York City police officer, unanimously confirmed, the petition denied, and the proceeding brought pursuant to CPLR article 78 (transferred to this Court by order of Supreme Court, New York County [Lucy Billings, J.], entered August 12, 2010), dismissed, without costs.
Substantial evidence supports the determination that petitioner failed to take lawful police action against an individual who was driving without a license, in exchange for that individual agreeing to provide a benefit to petitioner (see generally 300 Gramatan Ave. Assoc. v State Div. of Human Rights, 45 N.Y.2d 176, 180-181 ). Crediting the testimony of respondent's witnesses, including the driver who did not receive a summons, and considering the documentary evidence of subsequent phone calls between petitioner and the two individuals who were in the car, the record supports the finding that the failure to take lawful action was in exchange for said individuals installing sheetrock at petitioner's home (see Matter of Collins v Codd, 38 N.Y.2d 269, 270 ). Contrary to petitioner's contention, the subject charges were "reasonably specific, in light of all the relevant circumstances, to apprise [him] of the charges against him... and to allow for the preparation of an adequate defense" (Matter of Block v Ambach, 73 N.Y.2d 323, 333 ).
In September 2011, almost two years after respondent had made its decision terminating petitioner's employment, and the instant petition challenging respondent's determination was already filed with the court, one of the two main witnesses relied upon by the hearing officer in reaching his conclusion recanted his testimony. After investigation, in 2013, respondent rejected petitioner's request for a new hearing based upon the recantation. Respondent's 2013 decision to deny petitioner's request for a new hearing based on this new evidence cannot be reviewed by the court in this proceeding. It requires, instead, a separately brought petition (see Matter of Douglaston Civic Assn. v Galvin, 36 N.Y.2d 1 ). The subsequent recantation raised issues that were addressed by respondent, following consideration of the submissions by petitioner and review of all the evidence. Under the circumstances, including the sufficiency of the other evidence, the witness's recantation did not warrant a further hearing (compare Matter of Browne v County of Dutchess, 16 A.D.3d 495 [2d Dept 2005]).
The penalty of termination does not shock our sense of fairness (see Matter of Kelly v Safir, ...