United States District Court, E.D. New York
March 31, 2014
JAMES M. KERNAN, individually and on behalf of all those independent entrepreneurs, small and disadvantaged business enterprises, suffering serious, permanent and irreparable economic and social injury and damage as a result of actions by the Defendants
NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCIAL SERVICES f/k/a New York State Department of Insurance; BENJAMIN M. LAWSKY, Superintendent; CHARLES
James M. Kernan: James M. Kernan, pro se New York, NY, for Plaintiffs.
Oriska Corp. and Oriska Ins. Co. Antonio Faga, Esq., New Hartford, NY, Ralph Pernick, Esq., New York State Attorney General, Mineola, NY, State Defendants.
Thomas McFarland, Esq., United States Attorney's Office, Eastern District of New York Central Islip, NY, Federal Defendants. for Defendants.
MEMORANDUM & ORDER
JOANNA SEYBERT, District Judge.
Presently before the Court are (1) defendants New York State Department of Financial Services, Benjamin M. Lawsky, Charles "Buzz" Sawyer, Michael A. Mark, James Masterson, Michael V. Imbriano, Eugene Benger, Jon G. Rothblatt, Beth Cohen, Jeffrey A. Stonehill, and Howard D. Mills III's (collectively, the "State Defendants") motion to dismiss the Complaint pursuant to Federal Rules of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1) and 12(b)(6) and (2) pro se plaintiff James M. Kernan and plaintiffs Oriska Corporation and Oriska Insurance Company's (collectively, "Plaintiffs") motion for leave to file an amended complaint. For the following reasons, the Complaint is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE for failure to comply with the requirements set forth in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8 that a complaint contain a "short and plain statement of the claim" and that each allegation "be simple, concise, and direct." FED. R. CIV. P. 8(a)(2), (d)(1). The State Defendants' motion to dismiss the Complaint and Plaintiff's motion for leave to file an amended complaint are consequently DENIED AS MOOT.
In a 115-page, 467-paragraph Complaint, Plaintiffs bring this action against thirteen defendants alleging numerous claims pursuant to various federal statutes and state laws. The State Defendants have moved to dismiss the Complaint. (Docket Entry 9.) Plaintiffs have sought leave to file a 152-page, 665-paragraph amended complaint including approximately 2, 000 pages of exhibits. (Docket Entries 17, 24, 30). According to Plaintiffs, they seek leave to file this prolix pleading "in order to promote judicial economy and obviate the need to burden the Court with considering a motion to dismiss...." (Pls.' Br., Docket Entry 24, at 3.)
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 8 provides that a complaint shall contain "a short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, " FED. R. CIV. P. 8(a)(2), and that each allegation "be simple, concise, and direct, " FED. R. CIV. P. 8(d)(1). "The statement should be short because unnecessary prolixity in a pleading places an unjustified burden on the court and the party who must respond to it because they are forced to select the relevant material from a mass of verbiage." Salahuddin v. Cuomo, 861 F.2d 40, 42 (2d Cir. 1988) (internal quotation marks and citation omitted). "When a complaint does not comply with the requirement that it be short and plain, the court has the power, on its own initiative or in response to a motion by the defendant, to strike any portions that are redundant or immaterial, or to dismiss the complaint." Id . (internal citation omitted) (affirming dismissal under Rule 8 of complaint that "span[ned] 15 single-spaced pages" and "contain[ed] a surfeit of detail" with "explicit descriptions of 20-odd defendants, their official positions, and their roles in the alleged denials of [the plaintiff's] rights"); see Blakely v. Wells, 209 F.Appx. 18, 20 (2d Cir. 2006) (stating that "[t]he District Court acted within the bounds of permissible discretion in dismissing the second amended complaint for noncompliance with Rule 8(a)" because "[t]he pleading, which spanned 57 pages and contained 597 numbered paragraphs, was far from short or plain"); Rosa v. Goord, 29 F.Appx. 735, 735 (2d Cir. 2002) (affirming dismissal of complaint and amended filings that "remained prolix and not susceptible of a responsive pleading" (internal quotation marks omitted)).
The Court finds that Plaintiffs' Complaint fails to comply with Rule 8, as it is far from "short and plain" and it is not "simple, concise and direct." As noted above, the Complaint spans 115 pages and contains 467 paragraphs. It purports to state ten different claims against thirteen defendants and includes a wealth of extraneous information. Although Plaintiffs claim that their proposed amended complaint will "promote judicial economy, " the proposed pleading seeks to add 198 additional paragraphs, thirteen new defendants, and approximately 2, 000 pages of exhibits. Such a voluminous filing will not cure Plaintiffs' failure to comply with Rule 8. Accordingly, the Complaint is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE, and the State Defendants' motion to dismiss and Plaintiffs' motion for leave to file an amended complaint are consequently DENIED AS MOOT.
For the foregoing reasons, the Complaint is DISMISSED WITHOUT PREJUDICE and the State Defendants' motion to dismiss and Plaintiffs' motion for leave to file an amended complaint are consequently DENIED AS MOOT. The Court GRANTS Plaintiffs leave to file an amended complaint that provides a short and plain statement of their claims and that includes only simple, direct, and concise allegations within thirty (30) days of this Memorandum and Order. Plaintiffs are warned that if the amended complaint does not comply with Rule 8, the Court will dismiss this action with prejudice.
The Clerk of the Court is directed to mail a copy of this Memorandum and Order to pro se Plaintiff Kernan.