United States District Court, N.D. New York
April 28, 2014
AMANDA K. JONES, Plaintiff,
COMMISSIONER OF SOCIAL SECURITY, Defendant.
Howard D. Olinsky, Esq., Olinsky Law Group, Syracuse, New York, for Plaintiff.
Hon. Richard S. Hartunian, United States Attorney, Elizabeth Rothstein, Esq., Special Assistant United States Attorney Social Security Administration Office of Regional General Counsel, Region II New York, New York.
MEMORANDUM-DECISION AND ORDER
NORMAN A. MORDUE, Senior District Judge.
INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND
Plaintiff commenced this action on August 22, 2011, seeking review of the Commissioner's denial of her application for supplemental security income benefits under the Social Security Act. 42 U.S.C. §§ 405(g) and 1383(c). Dkt. No. 1. United States Magistrate Judge Victor E. Bianchini issued a Report and Recommendation recommending that the Court remand this case to the Commissioner for further administrative proceedings. Dkt. No. 20. The Court adopted Magistrate Judge Bianchini's Report and Recommendation in its entirety, entered judgment in plaintiff's favor and remanded this case for further proceedings. Dkt. No. 21. As the prevailing party, plaintiff Amanda K. Jones moves (Dkt. No. 23) for an award of attorney's fees and costs in the sum of $9, 517.41 under the Equal Access to Justice Act ("EAJA"), 28 U.S.C. § 2412. The Commissioner concedes that plaintiff is entitled to fees and costs but contends that her fee request is excessive. (Dkt. 24).
The EAJA provides:
[A] court shall award to a prevailing party... fees and other expenses... incurred by that party in any civil action... including proceedings for judicial review of agency action, brought by or against the United States in any court having jurisdiction of that action, unless the court finds that the position of the United States was substantially justified or that special circumstances make an award unjust.
28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A). To qualify for attorneys' fees under the EAJA, the plaintiff must demonstrate that: (1) she is the prevailing party; (2) she is eligible to receive an award; and (3) the position of the United States was not substantially justified. See § 2412(d)(1)(B). Even if an agency's position was not substantially justified, an award of fees may be reduced or denied if "special circumstances" would make an otherwise proper award "unjust". Ortiz v. Chater, No. 95 CV 3126, 1997 WL 50217, at *4 (E.D.N.Y. Jan. 30, 1997) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 2412(d)(1)(A)).
In this case, plaintiff is entitled to an EAJA award because: (1) her net worth did not exceed $2, 000, 000 at the time the action was filed; (2) she was a "prevailing party" in a case against the government; and (3) the position of the United States was not substantially justified. Accordingly, the Court must determine whether the amount of plaintiff's fee request is reasonable.
Plaintiff requests $9, 517.41 for: 49.2 hours of attorney services ($9, 238.77),  3.3 hours of administrative work ($264.00), and costs ($14.64). The Commissioner asserts this amount is excessive in this "routine" social security case.
When assessing whether to award attorney's fees to a prevailing party, a court has broad discretion to determine whether the amount of time an attorney has expended is reasonable. Crudele v. Chater, 92 CIV. 7912, 1997 WL 198076, at *5 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 23, 1997) (citing Aston v. Sec'y of Health and Human Servs, 808 F.2d 9, 11 (2d Cir. 1986)). District courts in the Second Circuit have held that, on average, an attorney spends twenty to forty hours on routine social security cases. Cruz v. Apfel, 48 F.Supp.2d 226, 231 (E.D.N.Y. 1999); see also Hogan v. Astrue, 539 F.Supp.2d 680, 682 (W.D.N.Y. 2008). "This is not an unyielding rule, however, and courts in this and other districts have compensated attorneys in similar situations for more than forty hours of labor." Mirabito v. Comm'r of Soc. Sec., 5:13-CV-462, 2014 WL 1341928, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Apr. 4, 2014) (citing Smith v. Astrue, 1:10-CV-53, 2012 WL 3683538, at *2 (N.D.N.Y. Aug. 24, 2012) (awarding $10, 998.15 in attorney's fees, reflecting 53.00 hours of attorney time); Scott v. Astrue, 474 F.Supp.2d 465, 467 (W.D.N.Y. 2007) (awarding EAJA fees for 51 hours of attorney time); Kania v. Shalala, No. 91-CV-0766, 1995 WL 307604, at *3-4 (W.D.N.Y. May 10, 1995) (awarding EAJA fees for 58.65 hours of attorney time)).
Having reviewed plaintiff's submissions, including her attorney's affidavit and time sheet, and having considered the Commissioner's response and the facts of this case, the Court finds plaintiff's fee request is reasonable. The amount is reduced, however, by $264.00, the amount plaintiff's attorney billed for "administrative work" because much of that work appears duplicative of work for which plaintiff's attorney already billed. Accordingly, plaintiff's motion is granted.
For the above reasons, it is hereby
ORDERED that plaintiff's motion (Dkt. No. 23) for attorney's fees pursuant to the Equal Access to Justice Act, 28 U.S.C. § 2412, is GRANTED in the amount of $9, 253.41; and it is further
ORDERED that the Commissioner shall make the award payable to plaintiff, but is permitted to mail a check complying with this order directly to plaintiff's counsel.
IT IS SO ORDERED.