United States District Court, E.D. New York
CHAYIM B. ALEVSKY, individually and all other similarly situated consumers, Plaintiff,
GC SERVICES LIMITED PARTNERSHIP, Defendant.
DAVID PALACE, Brooklyn, NY, Attorney for Plaintiff
William S. Helfand, CHAMBERLAIN, HRDLICKA, WHITE, WILLIAMS & AUGHTRY, P.C., Houston, Texas, Judith A. Lockhart, CARTER LEDYARD & MILBURN LLP, New York, New York, Leonardo Trivigno Attorneys for Defendants.
JOHN GLEESON, District Judge.
This is an action under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act ("FDCPA") arising from a series of phone calls allegedly made by defendant GC Services Limited Paternship ("GC") to plaintiff Chayim B. Alevsky during late 2012 and early 2013.
The FDCPA permits an aggrieved plaintiff to seek both actual damages and statutory damages, along with attorney's fees and costs associated with the action. See 15 U.S.C. § 1692k(a). Alevsky's complaint seeks all of these types of relief, along with injunctive relief. See Complaint ¶ 61, ECF No. 1. GC argues, however, that the Complaint merely asserts an entitlement to actual damages without putting forward any factual basis supporting that claim. On this basis, GC argues that the request for actual damages should be dismissed as conclusory under the standard of Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555-56 (2007) and Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009).
GC is mistaken. It is true that Alevsky has not offered any factual support for his claim for actual damages. But as a general matter, damages are not an element of a cause of action. A Rule 12(b)(6) motion therefore cannot challenge the demand for relief, since that motion tests the legal sufficiency of allegations ( i.e., the "short and plain statement of the claim showing that the pleader is entitled to relief, " Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(2)), not the request for relief (which need only be "a demand for the relief sought, " Fed.R.Civ.P. 8(a)(3)). Likewise, the facial sufficiency of a claim under Rules 8(a)(2) and 12(b)(6) - including its plausibility under Iqbal and Twombly - does not depend on the relief requested. See 5 Wright & Miller, Federal Practice and Procedure: Civil § 1255 (3d ed. 2004) ("The sufficiency of a pleading is tested by the Rule 8(a)(2) statement of the claim for relief and the demand for judgment is not considered part of the claim for that purpose."). In other words, the plaintiff's complaint need not allege the results of the defendant's wrongful conduct; the complaint only need allege the elements of that wrongful conduct, and request relief as appropriate.
My view is consistent with the views of other courts. See, e.g., Sibersky v. Borah, Goldstein, Altschuler & Schwartz, P.C., 242 F.Supp.2d 273, 277-78 (S.D.N.Y. 2002) (in rejecting argument that a Rule 68 offer of judgment had mooted the case, holding that the complaint's statement that the plaintiff "has been damaged in an amount to be determined at trial" was sufficient); Ortega v. Collectors Training Inst. of Illinois, Inc., 09-21744-CIV, 2011 WL 241948, at *4 (S.D. Fla. Jan. 24, 2011) ("Courts have found that in the context of FDCPA claims, a specific allegation regarding actual damages is not necessary to state a claim for such damages.") (citing Sibersky ); Smolinski v. Oppenheimer, 11 C 7005, 2012 WL 2885175, at *3-4 (N.D. Ill. July 11, 2012) (holding that, even if plaintiff had not submitted an affidavit detailing emotional damages resulting from alleged FDCPA violation, dismissal of claim for actual damages would not be proper).
Defendant's motion to dismiss ...