United States District Court, S.D. New York
September 12, 2014
CORTLANDT STREET RECOVERY CORP. and SPQR CAPITAL (CAYMAN) LTD., Plaintiffs,
DEUTSCHE BANK AG, LONDON BRANCH, Defendant.
OPINION AND ORDER
J. PAUL OETKEN, District Judge.
Plaintiffs, Cortlandt Street Recovery Corporation ("Cortlandt") and its owner SPQR Capital Limited ("SPQR") brought this action in New York State Supreme Court for the County of New York. Defendant Deutsche Bank AG, London Branch ("DBAG") removed the action to this Court on March 7, 2014. On June 5, 2014, DBAG moved to dismiss the action under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6). Plaintiffs suggested that they intended to file a motion to remand the case to state court and so this Court held the motion to dismiss in abeyance until any issues regarding this Court's jurisdiction were resolved. Plaintiffs filed the instant motion to remand on August 8, 2014 and oral argument was held on September 12, 2014. For the reasons that follow, Plaintiff's motion is denied.
This controversy began in December of 2012, when Cortlandt filed suit in this Court seeking payment on a series of subordinated notes issued by an entity known as Hellas Telecommunications II, S.C.A. This Court dismissed that action without prejudice because Cortlandt had failed to establish that it had standing to sue. Cortlandt St. Recovery Corp. v. Deutsche Bank AG, London Branch (Cortlandt I), 12-CV-9351 JPO, 2013 WL 3762882 (S.D.N.Y. July 18, 2013). "Nowhere, " this Court wrote, "d[id] the first Complaint allege that title to or ownership of the claims has been assigned to Cortlandt." Id.
Cortlandt set out to remedy this problem by receiving "all right, title, and interest in the claims to recover amounts owed under the Subordinated Notes" from SPQR. (Dkt. No. 16, Plaintiff's Motion to Remand at 4 (citing State Court Complaint at ¶ 6).) This exact language has been held sufficient to confer standing to sue. Titus v. Wallick, 306 U.S. 282, 285 (1939), cited in Cortlandt I, 2013 WL 3762882. Once Cortlandt had all right, title, and interest in the claims, Cortlandt and SPQR sued DBAG in New York Supreme Court for payment. DBAG removed the action in a timely manner to this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 1441 & 1446 on the basis of diversity of citizenship.
A case filed in state court may be removed by the defendant if the action is one over which "the district courts of the United States have original jurisdiction, " 28 U.S.C. § 1441(a), and the defendant is not a domiciliary of the state in which the suit was originally filed, 28 U.S.C. § 1441(b)(2). The federal district courts have jurisdiction over causes of action between parties of diverse citizenship where the amount in controversy exceeds $75, 000. 28 U.S.C. § 1332. A case can be heard in federal court on the basis of diversity of citizenship only if no two parties on opposite sides of a case are from the same state, State Farm Fire & Casualty Co. v. Tashire, 386 U.S. 523, 530-31 (1967), and where two parties on either side of an action are foreign citizens, diversity is defeated, e.g., Corporacion Venezolana de Fomento v. Vintero Sales Corp., 629 F.2d 786, 790 (2d Cir. 1980).
The parties do not dispute their citizenship. Cortlandt is a corporation organized under the laws of the State of New York with its principal place of business in New York. (Dkt. No. 16, Plaintiff's Motion to Remand, at 2.) SPQR is a limited company organized under the laws of the Cayman Islands. Id. DBAG is a German corporation whose principal place of business is London. Id. Thus, as pleaded, the parties are not diverse foreign citizens appear on either side of the action.
But the analysis does not end there. DBAG argues that SPQR-the party whose presence would defeat diversity jurisdiction-is not a real party to this case and, therefore, that its presence ought to be disregarded for diversity purposes. See, e.g., Intershoe, Inc. v. Filanto S.P.A., 97 F.Supp.2d 471, 474 (S.D.N.Y. 2000) ("Although most frequently applied to the joinder of unnecessary defendants, the fraudulent joinder doctrine also requires the court to disregard the presence of a plaintiff who is not a real party in interest.") (internal quotations and citations omitted). This is so, DBAG asserts, because SPQR has already conveyed all right, title, and interest in any claims relating to the notes to Cortlandt, leaving SPQR with no remaining interest in the litigation. Cortlandt and SPQR respond by arguing in their papers that this Court has already held that SPQR is the real party in interest and, therefore, that the parties are diverse. (Dkt. No. 16, Plaintiff's Motion to Remand, at 10 (citing as a reason for remand "the Court's dismissal of Cortlandt's first action against Defendant for lack of standing in which the Court held neither the Complaint, nor the extrinsic evidence provided to the Court, adequately suggests that Cortlandt owns the claims at issue by virtue of an assignment.'") (internal citation omitted). But Cortlandt and SPQR neglect to mention in their motion papers that a new assignment was made after Cortlandt I. In Cortlandt I, this Court dismissed Cortlandt for lack of Article III standing because SPQR had not validly assigned the claims relating to the notes to Cortlandt. But since Cortlandt I, SPQR did just that.
At oral argument, Plaintiff's counsel conceded that if the second assignments are found to be effective, SPQR has no remaining stake in the claims filed in this action. The second assignments plainly transfer all right, title, and interest in the claims at issue in this litigation from SPQR to Cortlandt. Therefore, SPQR's citizenship must be disregarded for purposes of diversity jurisdiction, and Plaintiff's motion to remand must be denied.
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For the foregoing reasons, Plaintiff's motion to remand to state court is hereby DENIED.
The parties are directed to confer as to whether Defendant consents to the filing of an amended complaint in this action and to submit letters detailing their positions on that issue by September 26, 2014.
The Clerk of the Court is directed to close the motion at docket number 16.