United States District Court, N.D. New York
October 2, 2014
GREGORY HARVEY, Plaintiff,
DAVID A. JALONAK, Defendant.
GREGORY HARVEY, Plaintiff, pro se.
ANDREW T. BAXTER, Magistrate Judge.
Plaintiff filed this action on August 25, 2014, together with an application to proceed in forma pauperis ("IFP"). (Dkt. Nos. 1, 2-3). On the same day, Chief Judge Sharpe ordered administrative closure of the action because plaintiff failed to submit a properly completed IFP application. (Dkt. No. 4). In that order, Judge Sharpe afforded plaintiff thirty (30) days to either pay the filing fee or submit a properly completed IFP application.
On September 17, 2014, plaintiff filed a letter with the court claiming that the officials at his facility refused to certify his accounts for purposes of his IFP application. (Dkt. No. 6). He further requested that the court use his authorization form to "get" his prison account statements. ( Id. ) On September 18, 2014, Judge Sharpe ordered reopening of this action and has sent the complaint, together with the plaintiff's submission to me for my review.
II. IFP Application
A. Legal Standards
Where a plaintiff seeks leave to proceed IFP, the court must determine whether the plaintiff may proceed with the action without prepaying the filing fee in full. The court must then consider whether the causes of action stated in the complaint are, inter alia, frivolous or malicious, or if they fail to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. 28 U.S.C. § 1915 (e)(2)(B).
In this case, even if plaintiff had submitted the appropriate form to show that his financial status would qualify him to "commence" this action without prepaying the filing fee in full, the court would recommend denying plaintiff's application. Title 28 of the United States Code, section 1915(g), as amended, provides:
In no event shall a prisoner bring a civil action or appeal a judgment in a civil action or proceeding under this section if the prisoner has, on 3 or more prior occasions, while incarcerated or detained in any facility, brought an action or appeal in a court of the United States that was dismissed on the grounds that it is frivolous, malicious, or fails to state a claim upon which relief may be granted, unless the prisoner is under imminent danger of serious physical injury.
28 U.S.C. § 1915(g) (emphasis added). The court has a responsibility to determine that a prisoner has not brought actions, on three or more occasions while incarcerated, which have been dismissed as frivolous, malicious or for failure to state a claim before permitting plaintiff to proceed with an action in forma pauperis. Id.
Plaintiff has been a frequent litigator in the Northern District of New York. On March 3, 2011, the Honorable Lawrence E. Kahn, Senior United States District Judge issued an order in Harvey v. Law, No. 9:10-CV-1468 (LEK/DEP), finding that plaintiff's IFP application should be denied because he had "three strikes" for purposes of section 1915(g). (Dkt. No. 4 in 10-CV-1468). Senior Judge Kahn stated that plaintiff "brought at least three actions in the Northern District which were dismissed as frivolous, malicious, or for failure to state a claim upon which relief may be granted. ( Id. at 2) (citing Harvey v. Grow, 9:09-CV-518 (N.D.N.Y.) (Order of Suddaby, J. filed 6/2/09); Harvey v. Sawyer, 9:09-CV-598 (N.D.N.Y.) (Dkt. No. 26, Order of Scullin, S.J. filed 8/20/10); Harvey v. Luther, 9:09-CV-599 (N.D.N.Y.) (Dkt. No. 5, Order of Hurd, J. filed 6/8/09); Harvey v. City of Utica, 9:09-CV-644 (N.D.N.Y.) (Dkt. No. 4, Order of McAvoy, S.J.). Based on these cases, and the finding that plaintiff was not in "imminent danger" for purpose of section 1915, the court denied plaintiff's application to proceed IFP. (9:10-CV-1468, Dkt. No. 4 at 3-5).
2. "Imminent Danger"
Because Judge Kahn has already found plaintiff to have three-strikes, this court must only determine whether plaintiff can meet the "imminent danger" exception to the three-strikes rule in this action. The imminent-danger exception protects a prison inmate, who is exposed to potential danger, from the consequences of his earlier mistakes in filing frivolous litigation. The Second Circuit has held that "for a prisoner to qualify for the imminent danger exception, the danger must be present when he files his complaint - in other words, a three-strikes litigant is not excepted from the filing fee if he alleges a danger that has dissipated by the time a complaint is filed." Pettus v. Morgenthau, 554 F.3d 293, 296 (2d Cir. 2009) (citing Malik v. McGinnis, 293 F.3d 559, 562-63 (2d Cir. 2002)). Additionally, "there must be a nexus between the imminent danger a three-strikes prisoner alleges to obtain IFP status and the legal claims asserted in his complaint." Pettus, 554 F.3d at 297. When determining whether a prisoner has qualified for the "imminent danger" exception, courts look at the non-conclusory allegations in the plaintiff's complaint.
A review of plaintiff's allegations in this case show that he is suing the postmaster in Utica, New York because plaintiff attempted to send a birthday card to his sister that was returned to him with a notation that there was "no such street." (Compl. at CM/ECF pp. 4-6). Plaintiff has submitted a copy of the envelope as an exhibit. ( Id. at 5). He also alleges that Secret Service Agent Tim Kirk, who plaintiff has not named as a defendant, has conspired with the defendant to cause plaintiff mental anguish by interfering with this mailing. ( Id. at 6). There is absolutely no allegation suggesting that plaintiff is in "imminent danger" as required for the exception to section 1915. The plaintiff alleges mental anguish, but the statute requires imminent danger of physical harm. Plaintiff states that he "will kill and escape" if he perceives that his family is "at harm." (Compl. at 4). However, this statement indicates that other people might be in danger if plaintiff gets upset. The incident happened in April of 2014, but plaintiff waited until August to file his complaint. Clearly, there is no basis to apply the imminent danger exception. Thus, plaintiff's IFP application should be denied, and he should be directed to pay the fee or risk dismissal of his action.
WHEREFORE, based on the findings above, it is
RECOMMENDED, that plaintiff's motion to proceed IFP (Dkt. No. 2) be DENIED based on plaintiff's accumulation of three strikes under 28 U.S.C. § 1915(g), and it is
RECOMMENDED, that if this recommendation is adopted, the District Court order that this action be DISMISSED, unless plaintiff pays the $400.00 filing fee IN FULL within one month of the order adopting this recommendation, and it is
RECOMMENDED, that if plaintiff pays the filing fee, the Clerk be directed to return the complaint to me for further review, and if plaintiff does not pay the filing fee or request an extension of time to do so, the complaint be dismissed without further order of the court.
Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1) and Local Rule 72.1(c), the parties have FOURTEEN (14) DAYS within which to file written objections to the foregoing report. Any objections shall be filed with the Clerk of the Court. FAILURE TO OBJECT TO THIS REPORT WITHIN FOURTEEN DAYS WILL PRECLUDE APPELLATE REVIEW. Roldan v. Racette, 984 F.2d 85, 89 (2d Cir. 1993) (citing Small v. Secretary of Health and Human Services, 892 F.2d 15 (2d Cir. 1989)); 28 U.S.C. § 636 (b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(a), 6(e), 72.