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United States v. Cyster

United States District Court, W.D. New York

October 16, 2014

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff,
v.
KEVIN CYSTER, Defendant.

REPORT & RECOMMENDATION

MARIAN W. PAYSON, Magistrate Judge.

By Order of Hon. Charles J. Siragusa, United States District Judge, dated November 13, 2012, all pre-trial matters in the above-captioned case have been referred to this Court pursuant to 28 U.S.C. §§ 636(b)(1)(A)-(B). (Docket # 8).

On June 18, 2014, defendant's counsel, Mark D. Hosken, Esq., filed an in camera motion pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 4241(a) for a hearing to determine the mental competency of the defendant. (Docket # 62). The government took no position on the motion. (Docket # 63). Finding reasonable cause to believe that the defendant may presently be suffering from a mental disease or defect rendering him unable to understand the nature and consequences of the proceedings against him and to assist properly in his defense, the Court scheduled a competency hearing for August 13, 2014, which was adjourned several times until October 16, 2014. (Docket ## 70, 71, 73, 75). The Court further ordered, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 4241(b), that the defendant undergo a psychiatric examination, with the results of such examination to be reported to the Court and counsel. (Docket # 70).

Prior to the competency hearing, the Court received a report containing the results of the defendant's psychiatric examination, which opined that the defendant was competent to stand trial. Following review of the report, on October 16, 2014, both counsel for the government and the defendant stated that they were not contesting the report or the opinions contained therein and requested the Court to adopt the finding that the defendant is currently competent to stand trial. Upon review of the report, and considering the absence of contradictory evidence, this Court finds by a preponderance of the evidence that the defendant is not presently suffering from a mental disease or defect that would render him mentally incompetent to the extent that he would be unable to understand the nature and consequences of the proceedings against him or render him unable to assist properly in his defense. See 18 U.S.C. § 4241(d). Accordingly, it is the recommendation of this Court that the defendant be determined competent to stand trial.

Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1), it is hereby

ORDERED, that this Report and Recommendation be filed with the Clerk of the Court.

ANY OBJECTIONS to this Report and Recommendation must be filed with the Clerk of this Court within fourteen (14) days after receipt of a copy of this Report and Recommendation in accordance with the above statute and Rule 59(b) of the Local Rules of Criminal Procedure for the Western District of New York.[1]

The district court will ordinarily refuse to consider on de novo review arguments, case law and/or evidentiary material which could have been, but was not, presented to the magistrate judge in the first instance. See, e.g., Paterson-Leitch Co. v. Mass. Mun. Wholesale Elec. Co., 840 F.2d 985 (1st Cir. 1988).

Failure to file objections within the specified time or to request an extension of such time waives the right to appeal the District Court's Order. Thomas v. Arn, 47 4 U.S. 140 (1985); Small v. Sec'y of Health & Human Servs., 892 F.2d 15 (2d Cir. 1989); Wesolek v. Canadair Ltd., 838 F.2d 55 (2d Cir. 1988).

The parties are reminded that, pursuant to Rule 59(b) of the Local Rules of Criminal Procedure for the Western District of New York, "[w]ritten objections... shall specifically identify the portions of the proposed findings and recommendations to which objection is made and the basis for such objection and shall be supported by legal authority." Failure to comply with the provisions of Rule 59(b) may result in the District Court's refusal to consider the objection.

Let the Clerk send a copy of this Order and a copy of the Report and Recommendation to the attorneys for the parties.

IT IS SO ORDERED.


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