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Davon Howard Banks v. Correct Care Solutions

United States District Court, S.D. New York

October 27, 2014

CORRECT CARE SOLUTIONS et al., Defendants.


NELSON S. ROMAN, District Judge.

Plaintiff, Davon Howard Banks ("Plaintiff"), an inmate at the Westchester County Department of Corrections, commenced this action against Correct Care Solutions, N.P. Watson Baptiste, Mrs. Coine, Dr. Kaluvia, N.P. J. Powe, R.N. Jessica Annusiano, N.P. Jins Joy, Greg Nardo, and R.N. Ascencio (collectively, "Defendants").

On May 19, 2014, Defendants moved to dismiss the action pursuant to Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(6), for failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted. On July 2, 2014, the Court granted Plaintiff's request for an extension of time to respond to the motion and ordered that any opposition brief be served by August 5, 2014, and that any reply brief be served by August 19, 2014. Defendants have since informed the Court that Plaintiff did not serve any opposition brief. Nor did Plaintiff file a brief.[1] Thus, although the Court considers the instant motion to be opposed, the record is silent as to the grounds for that opposition.


Plaintiff filed a complaint on July 26, 2013 (dkt. no. 2). Months later, on April 28, 2014, Plaintiff filed what appear to be supplemental pleadings (dkt. no. 34). As Defendants have done, the Court will construe the complaint and the supplemental filing jointly, in assessing the operative allegations. Because Plaintiff is proceeding pro se, the Court accords the pleadings leniency and construes them to raise the strongest claims and arguments they suggest. Pabon v. Wright, 459 F.3d 241, 248 (2d Cir. 2006).

At bottom, Plaintiff seeks $750, 000 in "monetary compensation" for "emotional abuse, pain and suffering, mental anguish, defamation of character, violation of his Constitutional Rights under the 8th, 4th and 14th Amendments, libel, deprivation of mental health services and medical attention, negligence, fraud, discrimination and violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act." See Complaint ("Compl.") ¶ V (dkt. no. 2).

In support of these claims, Plaintiff contends that on five separate dates, March 17, 2013, March 20, 2013, March 18, 2013, May 7, 2013, and June 15, 2013, at the Westchester County Department of Corrections "Old Jail Medical Clinic and Psych Housing, " Plaintiff was placed in general population instead of "psych housing, " was not allowed to receive "meds, " and ended up in the "S.H.U." (presumably, the security housing unit). Id. ¶ II. Plaintiff alleges that various individuals falsified medical documents and statements and left him to die. Id.

Plaintiff contends he stayed up for some 276 hours, his heart stopped, his lungs collapsed, and he suffered "complete trauma and unbelievable affliction." Id. ¶ III. In his supplemental pleadings (dkt. no. 34), Plaintiff alleges that individual defendants took certain actions, and Plaintiff thereby adds detail to the complaint. But in the original complaint, Plaintiff concedes that he is "still awaiting the outcome" of administrative grievance proceedings he "sent to Albany" under grievance number P-58-13. Id. ¶ IV.


On a motion to dismiss for "failure to state a claim upon which relief can be granted, " Rule 12(b)(6), dismissal is proper unless the complaint "contain[s] sufficient factual matter, accepted as true, to state a claim to relief that is plausible on its face.'" Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S. 662, 678 (2009) (quoting Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 570 (2007)); accord Hayden v. Paterson, 594 F.3d 150, 160 (2d Cir. 2010). "Although for the purposes of a motion to dismiss [a court] must take all of the factual allegations in the complaint as true, [it is] not bound to accept as true a legal conclusion couched as a factual allegation.'" Iqbal, 556 U.S. at 678 (quoting Twombly, 550 U.S. at 555). "While legal conclusions can provide the framework of a complaint, they must be supported by factual allegations." Id. at 679.

When there are well-pleaded factual allegations in the complaint, "a court should assume their veracity and then determine whether they plausibly give rise to an entitlement to relief." Id. A claim is facially plausible when the factual content pleaded allows a court "to draw a reasonable inference that the defendant is liable for the misconduct alleged." Id. at 678. Ultimately, determining whether a complaint states a facially plausible claim upon which relief may be granted must be "a context-specific task that requires the reviewing court to draw on its judicial experience and common sense." Id. at 679.


A. All Claims Against Correct Care Solutions - Lack of Individualized Pleading

As noted above, Plaintiff's complaint and supplemental pleadings contain certain allegations specific to individual defendants. The pleadings are entirely silent, however, as to defendant Correct Care Solutions. Plaintiff does not even specify what, if any, employment ...

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