United States District Court, S.D. New York
November 5, 2014
AMY R. GURVEY, Plaintiff,
COWAN, LIEBOWITZ & LATMAN, P.C., et al., Defendants.
OPINION AND ORDER
HENRY PITMAN, Magistrate Judge.
By notice of motion dated March 22, 2014 (Docket Item 213), plaintiff, proceeding pro se, moves for reconsideration of that portion of my opinion and order dated February 25, 2014 (Docket Item 200) that awarded sanctions to defendants. Gurvey v. Cowan, Liebowitz & Latman, P.C., 06 Civ. 1202 (LGS)(HBP), 2014 WL 715612 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 25, 2014) ("February Order"). For the reasons set forth below, the motion is denied in all respects.
My February Order imposed sanctions on plaintiff pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 37(b)(2) on three bases: (1) plaintiff failed to provide adequate disclosures in accordance with Fed.R.Civ.P. 26(a)(1); (2) plaintiff violated an Order I issued in October 2012 limiting discovery to the malpractice and breachof-fiduciary-duty claims that were upheld by the Court of Appeals (see Docket Item 117), and (3) plaintiff violated an Order I issued in January 2013 by failing to explain how certain of her discovery requests sought information relevant to the two remaining claims (see Docket Item 130). After carefully weighing the factors identified by the Court of Appeals as being relevant to a motion for sanctions, my February Order rejected defendant's request for an order of preclusion and, instead, concluded that the sanctions should be limited to (1) the forfeiture of plaintiff's right to seek enforcement of certain discovery requests that she had previously served and (2) reimbursement of the fees defendants incurred in making their sanctions motions. It is this aspect of my February Order that is the subject of plaintiff's motion for reconsideration.
The factors relevant to a motion for reconsideration were discussed at length in my February Order and need not be rehearsed here. For present purposes, it is sufficient to note that a motion for reconsideration is not a vehicle for advancing new facts, new theories or new arguments that were not previously called to the court's attention or for relitigating matters that were already resolved. Rather, to succeed on a motion for reargument, the movant must carry "the heavy burden of demonstrating that there has been an intervening change of controlling law, that new evidence has become available, or that there is a need to correct a clear error or prevent manifest injustice." Quinn v. Altria Grp., Inc. , 07 Civ. 8783 (LTS)(RLE), 2008 WL 3518462 at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Aug. 1, 2008) (Swain, D.J.), citing Virgin Airways v. Nat'l Mediation Bd. , 956 F.2d 1245, 1255 (2d Cir. 1992); see generally 1 Michael C. Silberberg, Edward M. Spiro & Judith L. Mogul, Civil Practice in the Southern District of New York § 11.33 (2013-2014 ed.).
In addition to the foregoing substantive limitations, a motion for reargument is also subject to the following procedural limitations: (1) the motion for reconsideration must be served within fourteen (14) days of the determination of the original motion and (2) no affidavits are to be filed in the absence of a direction from the court. Local Civil Rule 6.3.
Plaintiff's motion fails on all counts. First, the certification of service annexed to the motion states that it was served on March 22, 2014. Because my February Order was docketed on February 25, 2014, the fourteen-day clock for filing motions for reconsideration expired on March 11, 2014. Thus, plaintiff's motion is almost two weeks late and can be denied on that ground alone. Scarsdale Cent. Serv. Inc. v. Cumberland Farms, Inc., 13 Civ. 8730 (NSR), 2014 WL 2870283 at *3 (S.D.N.Y. June 24, 2014) (Román, D.J.); Luvn' Care, Ltd. v. Regent Baby Prods. Corp. , 986 F.Supp.2d 400, 411 (S.D.N.Y. 2014) (opinion on motion for reconsideration) (Scheindlin, D.J.); First Horizon Bank v. Moriarty-Gentile, No. 10-CV-00289 (KAM)(RER), 2013 WL 6271840 at *3 (E.D.N.Y. Dec. 4, 2013); Siemens Westinghouse Power Corp. v. Dick Corp. , 219 F.R.D. 552, 554 (S.D.N.Y. 2004) (Marrero, D.J.).
Second, rather than support her motion with a memorandum of law, plaintiff has attached only a rambling declaration which offers a number of new and largely irrelevant facts concerning the purported merits of plaintiff's claims and alleged discovery abuses by defendants. Because this declaration is the functional equivalent of an affidavit, its submission was inappropriate and it need not be considered. Optimum Worldwide Ltd. v. Klebener, 95 Civ. 1359 (HB)(HBP), 1997 WL 777389 at *2 n.1 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 17, 1997), citing U.S. Offshore, Inc. v. Seabulk Offshore, Ltd., 90 Civ. 6209 (MBM), 1990 WL 204171 at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Dec. 12, 1990) (Mukasey, D.J.); see also Polsby v. St. Martin's Press, Inc. , 97 Civ. 690 (MBM), 2000 WL 98057 at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Jan. 18, 2000) (Mukasey, D.J.).
However, even if these procedural defects were overlooked, the motion would still fail. With one exception, discussed in more detail below, plaintiff's motion does not allege that I overlooked controlling law or facts or that there is some other fundamental deficiency in my February Order. Rather, the bulk of her submission is a desultory, almost incoherent, diatribe on the merits of her claims, purported discovery abuses by defendants and other matters that have absolutely nothing to do with the issues in this case and nothing to do with whether reconsideration of my February Order is appropriate. Among other things, plaintiff's submission discusses the failure of her prior counsel to return files to her (Plaintiff Pro Se's Notice of Motion for Reconsideration of District Magistrate's Feb. 25, 2014 Order Granting Discovery Sanctions, dated March 22, 2014 (Docket Item 213) ("March 22 Notice of Motion") at 3), the alleged propriety of the imposition of sanctions against defendants and their attorney pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 11 for misconduct in discovery (notwithstanding the fact that plaintiff had not made a Rule 11 motion at the time of her submission) (March 22 Notice of Motion at 4), defendants' alleged publication of plaintiff's confidential files in the New York Times in 2003 (March 22 Notice of Motion at 6 n.6) and plaintiff's alleged work as an assistant to PBS's News Director on September 11, 2001 while suffering from various physical maladies (Plaintiff's Letter to the Undersigned, dated May 25, 2014 (Docket Item 242) at 2 n.1). Read charitably,  plaintiff's submission might be construed to assert that her own discovery shortcomings pale in comparison to defendants'. Even if true, however, this argument is not a proper basis of a motion for reconsideration. The principal bases for the sanctions I imposed in my February Order were plaintiff's failures to comply with my earlier discovery orders. Even if defendants were guilty of discovery misconduct (and plaintiff has not established such misconduct), such misconduct could not excuse plaintiff from complying with the Court's orders. See Hammond v. Beth Israel Med. Ctr., 10 Civ. 93 (NRB), 2011 WL 5980952 at *4 n.2 (S.D.N.Y. Nov. 30, 2011) (Buchwald, D.J.); see generally R.F.M.A.S., Inc. v. So , 271 F.R.D. 13, 33 (S.D.N.Y. 2010) (Dolinger, M.J.).
The one issue raised by plaintiff which is arguably a proper basis for reconsideration is her contention that she did, in fact, comply with that provision of my October 10, 2012 Order that required plaintiff to make initial disclosures concerning the remaining malpractice and breach-of-fiduciary duty claims that complied with Rule 26(a)(1). Plaintiff claims that she made such disclosures on November 9, 2012 (March 22 Notice of Motion at 2). Plaintiff's contention is immaterial to my February Order. As explained in my February Order, by an Opinion and Order dated July 15, 2013, Gurvey v. Cowan, Liebowitz & Latman, P.C., 06 Civ. 1202 (LGS)(HBP), 2013 WL 3718071 at *14 (S.D.N.Y. July 15, 2013), the 26(a)(1) disclosures plaintiff served in 2012 were substantively defective; they failed to identify documents and witnesses in any meaningful way and failed to provide a calculation of damages. I did not impose sanctions when I issued my July 15, 2013 Order because plaintiff had not, as of that time, explained her failure to serve a proper Rule 26(a)(1) disclosure, and I wanted to afford her an opportunity to do so. Her failure to offer a satisfactory explanation resulted in my February Order and the sanctions imposed therein. Thus, I did not overlook the 26(a)(1) disclosures plaintiff made in November 2012. To the contrary, it was the defective nature of these disclosures that led to the imposition of sanctions. Thus, plaintiff has not cited any facts that were overlooked and that would have altered the result reached in my February Order.
Accordingly, plaintiff has not offered any valid reason to revisit the conclusions reached in my February Order, and her motion for reargument of that Order (Docket Item 213) is denied in all respects. The Clerk of the Court is directed to mark Docket Item 213 closed.