United States District Court, N.D. New York
December 18, 2014
LAFRANCIS GRAY-DAVIS, on her own and on behalf of her son, Plaintiffs,
STATE OF NEW YORK, et al., Defendants.
THÉRÈSE WILEY DANCKS, Magistrate Judge.
Presently before the Court is a pro se complaint and application to proceed in forma pauperis filed by Plaintiff LaFrancis Gray-Davis. (Dkt. Nos. 1 and 2.)
Plaintiff has applied to proceed in forma pauperis. (Dkt. No. 2) A court may grant in forma pauperis status if a party "is unable to pay" the standard fee for commencing an action. 28 U.S.C. § 1915(a)(1) (2006). After reviewing Plaintiff's in forma pauperis application (Dkt. No. 2), I find that Plaintiff meets this standard. Therefore, Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis is granted.
Generally, the Court would conduct an initial review of the complaint pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e) immediately after granting the motion to proceed in forma pauperis. Here, however, there is an impediment to that initial review because Plaintiff lists her minor son as a plaintiff. (Dkt. No. 1 at 1, 2.) Minors cannot appear on their own behalf in federal court. Fed.R.Civ.P. 17. Further, Plaintiff, who is not an attorney and is not represented by counsel, cannot serve as her child's representative. "[A] lay person may not... appear on behalf of his or her own minor child." Iannaccone v. Law, 142 F.3d 553, 558 (2d Cir. 1998). See also Cheung v. Youth Orchestra Found. of Buffalo, Inc., 906 F.2d 59, 61 (2d Cir. 1990) ("[A] non-attorney parent must be represented by counsel in bringing an action on behalf of his or her child."); Johns v. Cnty. of San Diego, 114 F.3d 874, 876-77 (9th Cir. 1997) (joining "all other circuit courts addressing the issue [that] have held that the guardian or parent cannot bring a lawsuit on behalf of a minor in federal court without retaining a lawyer."). Thus, as this case currently stands, Plaintiff's minor son is not properly represented.
The Second Circuit has instructed that a court may not "make a merits determination of claims filed on behalf of a minor... who is not properly represented." Berrios v. New York City Hous. Auth., 564 F.3d 130, 134 (2d Cir. 2009). Thus, this Court may not undertake its initial review of the merits of the complaint before granting Plaintiff an opportunity to obtain counsel or to seek representation from a pro bono attorney or agency. Id. at 135. Therefore, it is ordered that this case be stayed for ninety days in order to give Plaintiff time to retain counsel, at least for her minor son. If there is no appearance by counsel on behalf of Plaintiff's minor son on or before March 18, 2015, then the Court will issue a Report and Recommendation to the assigned district court judge recommending that the claims asserted on behalf of Plaintiff's minor son be dismissed without prejudice.
ACCORDINGLY, it is
ORDERED that Plaintiff's application to proceed in forma pauperis (Dkt. No. 2) is GRANTED; and it is further
ORDERED that this case be stayed for ninety days in order to give Plaintiff time to obtain counsel for her minor son. If there is no appearance by counsel on behalf of Plaintiff's minor son on or before March 18, 2015, then the Court will issue a Report and Recommendation to the assigned district court judge recommending that the claims asserted on behalf of the child be dismissed without prejudice; and it is further
ORDERED that the Clerk serve a copy of this Order on Plaintiff.