United States District Court, E.D. New York
July 24, 2015
MICHAEL MAROM, Plaintiff,
TOWN OF HEMPSTEAD, SUPERVISOR KATE MURRY [sic, CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER JON LIPINSKY, and CODE ENFORCEMENT OFFICER MARTIN SMITH, Defendants.
SANDRA J. FEUERSTEIN JUDGE
Pending before the Court is the Report and Recommendation of the Honorable Arlene R. Lindsay, United States Magistrate Judge, dated July 1, 2015 (“the Report”) (a) recommending that plaintiff’s motion to amend the complaint to add two (2) causes of action and three (3) individuals as defendants in this action be denied; (b) directing defense counsel to serve a copy of the Report upon plaintiff and file proof of such service with the Court; and (c) advising the parties, inter alia, (i) that “[a]ny objections to th[e] Report * * * must be filed with the Clerk of the Court * * * within 14 days of service[, ]” (Report at 6), and (ii) that a “[f]ailure to file objections within th[e] [fourteen (14)-day] period waives the right to appeal the District Court’s Order[, ]” (id.) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72; Beverly v. Walker, 118 F.3d 900, 902 (2d Cir. 1997); and Savoie v. Merchants Bank, 84 F.3d 52, 60 (2d Cir. 1996)). Defense counsel served a copy of the Report upon plaintiff by, inter alia, mailing a copy thereof to his address of record on July 1, 2015. (Docket Entry [“DE”] 39). Nonetheless, plaintiff has not filed any objections to the Report, nor sought an extension of time to do so. For the reasons stated herein, Magistrate Judge Lindsay’s Report is accepted in its entirety.
A. Standard of Review
Although generally, motions for leave to amend are considered to be nondispositive and subject to review under the “clearly erroneous or contrary to law” standard of Rule 72(a) of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure, see Fielding v. Tollaksen, 510 F.3d 175, 178 (2d Cir. 2007) (“[a]s a matter of case management, a district judge may refer nondispositive motions, such as a motion to amend the complaint, to a magistrate judge for decision without the parties’ consent”), where, as here, a magistrate judge’s decision on a motion to amend effectively dismisses or precludes a claim, the motion to amend is rendered dispositive. See, e.g. Jean-Laurent v. Wilkerson, 461 F. App’x 18, 25 (2d Cir. Feb. 8, 2012). Any party may serve and file written objections to a report and recommendation of a magistrate judge on a dispositive matter within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy thereof. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(2). Any portion of such a report and recommendation to which a timely objection has been made is reviewed de novo. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3). The court, however, is not required to review the factual findings or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge as to which no proper objections are interposed. See Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 150, 106 S.Ct. 466, 88 L.Ed.2d 435 (1985). Where a party “received clear notice of the consequences of the failure to object” to a report and recommendation on a dispositive matter, Frank v. Johnson, 968 F.2d 298, 300 (2d Cir. 1992) (quotations and citation omitted); accord Small v. Secretary of Health and Human Svcs., 892 F.2d 15, 16 (2d Cir. 1989), his “failure to object timely to [that] report waives any further judicial review of the report.” Frank, 968 F.2d at 16; see also Smith v. Campbell, 782 F.3d 93, 102 (2d Cir. 2015); Caidor v. Onondago County, 517 F.3d 601, 604 (2d Cir. 2008).
Nonetheless, the waiver rule is “nonjurisdictional” and, thus, the Court may excuse a violation thereof “in the interests of justice.’” King v. City of N.Y., Dep’t of Corr., 419 F. App’x 25, 27 (2d Cir. Apr. 4, 2011) (summary order) (quoting Roldan v. Racette, 984 F.2d 85, 89 (2d Cir. 1993)); see also DeLeon v. Strack, 234 F.3d 84, 86 (2d Cir. 2000). “Such discretion is exercised based on, among other factors, whether the defaulted argument has substantial merit or, put otherwise, whether the magistrate judge committed plain error in ruling against the defaulting party.” Spence v. Superintendent, Great Meadow Corr. Facility, 219 F.3d 162, 174 (2d Cir. 2000); accord King, 419 F. App’x at 27.
B Review of Report
Since plaintiff has not filed any objections to Magistrate Judge Lindsay’s Report, nor sought an extension of time to do so, he has “waive[d] any further judicial review of the findings contained in the [R]eport.” Spence, 219 F.3d at 174. Moreover, as the Report is not plainly erroneous, the Court will not exercise its discretion to excuse plaintiff’s default in filing timely objections to the Report in the interests of justice. Accordingly, the Report is accepted in its entirety and, for the reasons set forth therein, plaintiff’s motion to amend the complaint is denied.
For the reasons set forth herein, Magistrate Judge Lindsay’s Report is accepted in its entirety and, for the reasons set forth therein, plaintiff’s motion to amend the complaint is denied.