Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

In re Cor Route 5 Co., LLC

Supreme Court of New York, Fourth Department

February 3, 2017

IN THE MATTER OF COR ROUTE 5 COMPANY, LLC, PETITIONER-APPELLANT,
v.
VILLAGE OF FAYETTEVILLE, VILLAGE OF FAYETTEVILLE BOARD OF TRUSTEES AND GOODFELLOW CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, LTD., RESPONDENTS-RESPONDENTS.

          MANNION & COPANI, SYRACUSE (GABRIELLE MARDANY HOPE OF COUNSEL), FOR PETITIONER-APPELLANT.

          MACKENZIE HUGHES LLP, SYRACUSE (W. BRADLEY HUNT OF COUNSEL), FOR RESPONDENTS-RESPONDENTS VILLAGE OF FAYETTEVILLE AND VILLAGE OF FAYETTEVILLE BOARD OF TRUSTEES.

          WALTER D. KOGUT, P.C., FAYETTEVILLE (WALTER D. KOGUT OF COUNSEL), FOR RESPONDENT-RESPONDENT GOODFELLOW CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT, LTD.

          PRESENT: CENTRA, J.P., PERADOTTO, LINDLEY, NEMOYER, AND SCUDDER, JJ.

         Appeal from a judgment (denominated order) of the Supreme Court, Onondaga County (Anthony J. Paris, J.), entered August 18, 2015 in a CPLR article 78 proceeding. The judgment granted the motion of respondents to dismiss the petition.

         It is hereby ORDERED that the judgment so appealed from is unanimously reversed on the law without costs, the motion is denied, the petition is reinstated, and the matter is remitted to Supreme Court, Onondaga County, for further proceedings in accordance with the following memorandum: Petitioner commenced this CPLR article 78 proceeding seeking, inter alia, to annul certain determinations of respondent Village of Fayetteville Board of Trustees (Board of Trustees), which resulted in the enactment of Local Law No. 1 of 2015. That local law amended the zoning district classification of two parcels following the issuance of a negative declaration of environmental significance under the State Environmental Quality Review Act ([SEQRA] ECL art 8), but provided that the amendment would "take effect only after approval by [the] Onondaga County Department of Transportation and final site plan approval by the Village of Fayetteville Planning Board has been granted."

         Before answering, respondent Village of Fayetteville (Village) and the Board of Trustees filed a joint motion seeking, inter alia, dismissal of the petition pursuant to CPLR 3211 and 7804 (f). Respondent Goodfellow Construction Management, Ltd., who had applied for the rezoning as part of a proposed retail development project, submitted an answer and joined in the motion. Supreme Court granted the motion, concluding that the petitioner's proceeding was "premature" and that the Board of Trustee's action under SEQRA was "not ripe for judicial review."

         We agree with petitioner that the court erred in granting the motion. "Generally, a CPLR article 78 proceeding may not be used to challenge a nonfinal determination by a body or officer" (Matter of Young v Board of Trustees of Vil. of Blasdell, 221 A.D.2d 975, 977, affd 89 N.Y.2d 846). In order to determine whether an action is " final and binding upon the petitioner' " (Matter of Ranco Sand & Stone Corp. v Vecchio, 27 N.Y.3d 92, 98), courts follow a two-step approach: "[f]irst, the agency must have reached a definitive position on the issue that inflicts actual, concrete injury and second, the injury inflicted may not be prevented or significantly ameliorated by further administrative action or by steps available to the complaining party" (Matter of Best Payphones, Inc. v Department of Info. Tech. & Telecom. of City of N.Y., 5 N.Y.3d 30, 34, rearg denied 5 N.Y.3d 824). In our view, the Board of Trustees' simultaneous issuance of a negative declaration and adoption of the zoning amendment rendered petitioner's challenges to the Board of Trustees' action ripe for review (see generally Matter of Eadie v Town Bd. of Town of N. Greenbush, 7 N.Y.3d 306, 317). The mere fact that the zoning amendment "was conditioned upon successful reviews and approvals by other agencies did not alter the fact that [it] became final and binding as to petitioner[] on the date it was filed" (Matter of O'Connell v Zoning Bd. of Appeals of Town of New Scotland, 267 A.D.2d 742, 744, lv dismissed in part and denied in part 94 N.Y.2d 938; see Matter of Long Is. Pine Barrens Socy. v Planning Bd. of Town of Brookhaven, 247 A.D.2d 395, 396; Matter of Price v County of Westchester, 225 A.D.2d 217, 220).

         Moreover, although "rezoning is an action' subject to SEQRA" (Matter of Neville v Koch, 79 N.Y.2d 416, 426; see Matter of Bergami v Town Bd. of Town of Rotterdam, 97 A.D.3d 1018, 1021; Matter of Kirk-Astor Dr. Neighborhood Assn. v Town Bd. of Town of Pittsford, 106 A.D.2d 868, 869, appeal dismissed 66 N.Y.2d 896), and the future site plan approval process may also constitute an action under SEQRA (see Matter of Schweichler v Village of Caledonia, 45 A.D.3d 1281, 1282, lv denied 10 N.Y.3d 703; Matter of Ferrari v Town of Penfield Planning Bd., 181 A.D.2d 149, 151; see also 6 NYCRR 617.2 [b]), the fact that petitioner may ultimately be aggrieved by a future SEQRA action does not affect the judicial ripeness of the SEQRA challenge relating to a prior action. The fact remains that, at the time the Board of Trustees issued the negative declaration and amended the zoning laws, the Board of Trustees' "decision-making process with respect to [those issues] was complete and petitioner[] became aggrieved by the SEQRA violation of which [it] complain[s]" (Matter of Young v Board of Trustees of Vil. of Blasdell, 89 N.Y.2d 846, 849).

         We therefore conclude that the adoption of the zoning amendment committed the Board of Trustees to a definitive position (see Red Wing Props., Inc. v Town of Milan, 71 A.D.3d 1109, 1110-1111, lv denied 15 N.Y.3d 703; Matter of Wing v Coyne, 129 A.D.2d 213, 217; see generally Matter of Gordon v Rush, 100 N.Y.2d 236, 242) and, as a result of that position, petitioner is aggrieved by the Board of Trustees' alleged failure to comply with SEQRA prior to the adoption of the zoning amendment (see 6 NYCRR 617.3 [a]; Young, 89 N.Y.2d at 848-849).

         We thus reverse the judgment, deny the motion, reinstate the petition, and remit the matter to Supreme Court to allow the Village and the Board of Trustees to submit an answer, and for further proceedings on the petition (see CPLR 7804 [f]; Matter of Bethelite Community Church, Great Tomorrows Elementary Sch. v Department of Envtl. ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.