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In re Alexander Z.

Supreme Court of New York, Third Department

April 6, 2017

In the Matter of ALEXANDER Z., Alleged to be a Permanently Neglected Child. ALBANY COUNTY DEPARTMENT FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, Respondent; JIMMY Z., Appellant. (Proceeding No. 1.) In the Matter of ENRIQUE Z., Alleged to be a Permanently Neglected Child. ALBANY COUNTY DEPARTMENT FOR CHILDREN, YOUTH AND FAMILIES, Respondent; JIMMY Z., Appellant. (Proceeding No. 2.)

          Calendar Date: February 23, 2017

          William V. O'Leary, Albany, for appellant.

          James J. Green, Albany County Department for Children,

          Youth & Families, Albany, for respondent.

          Sharon Lee McNulty, Albany, attorney for the children.

          Before: Peters, P.J., McCarthy, Garry, Rose and Aarons, JJ.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          PETERS, P.J.

         Appeal from an order of the Family Court of Albany County (Kushner, J.), entered September 10, 2015, which granted petitioner's applications, in two proceedings pursuant to Social Services Law § 384-b, to adjudicate the subject children to be permanently neglected, and terminated respondent's parental rights.

         Respondent is the father of the two subject children, Alexander (born in 2011) and Enrique (born in 2013). Both children were born during the pendency of permanent neglect proceedings involving their four older siblings, which ultimately resulted in revocation of a suspended judgment and termination of respondent's parental rights with respect to those children (see Matter of Sequoyah Z. [Melissa Z.], 127 A.D.3d 1518');">127 A.D.3d 1518 [2015], lvs denied 25 N.Y.3d 911, 912 [2015]). Petitioner removed each of the subject children from respondent's care within days following their birth and, shortly thereafter, commenced derivative neglect proceedings against respondent and the children's mother. Following a joint fact-finding hearing, Family Court found the children to be derivatively neglected, which determination was affirmed on appeal (Matter of Alexander Z. [Melissa Z.], 129 A.D.3d 1160 [2015], lv denied 25 N.Y.3d 914');">25 N.Y.3d 914 [2015]).

         In June 2013 and April 2014, respectively, petitioner commenced these proceedings seeking adjudications of permanent neglect as to Alexander and Enrique and termination of respondent's parental rights [1]. The petitions alleged that respondent had failed to obtain and maintain safe, stable and appropriate housing, failed to demonstrate an ability to progress toward unsupervised visitation and failed to engage in recommended services. After a fact-finding hearing, Family Court adjudicated the children to be permanently neglected. Following a dispositional hearing, the court terminated respondent's parental rights and freed the children for adoption. Respondent appeals.

         An agency seeking to terminate parental rights on the ground of permanent neglect must first establish, by clear and convincing evidence, that it has made diligent efforts to encourage and strengthen the parent's relationship with the children (see Social Services Law § 384-b [7] [a]; Matter of Sheila G., 61 N.Y.2d 368, 373 [1984]). "To satisfy this duty, [the agency] must make practical and reasonable efforts to ameliorate the problems preventing reunification and strengthen the family relationship by such means as assisting the parent with visitation, providing information on the child[ren]'s progress and development, and offering counseling and other appropriate educational and therapeutic programs and services" (Matter of Carter A. [Courtney QQ.], 121 A.D.3d 1217, 1218 [2014] [citations omitted]; see Matter of Hailey ZZ. [Ricky ZZ.], 19 N.Y.3d 422, 429 [2012]). To this end, the agency must offer and encourage participation in appropriate services, but need not show success or progression where the parent elects not to engage in the available services (see Matter of Sheila G., 61 N.Y.2d at 385; Matter of Angelo AA. [Tashina DD.], 123 A.D.3d 1247, 1248 [2014]).

         In support of its threshold burden, petitioner presented the testimony of its senior caseworker who had worked with respondent since 2008. Specifically, the caseworker arranged for respondent's supervised visitation with the children and provided him with free access to public transportation for visitation, medical appointments and job interviews, as well as personal transportation when needed. She further provided respondent with scheduling assistance, including appointment reminders to address his frequently-missed and double-booked appointments, facilitated his enrollment in a parenting class and arranged for third-party service providers to assist him with procurement of employment and housing. An employee of St. Peter's Health Partners testified that she assisted the family in obtaining permanent housing, but when available housing was located, respondent's relationship with the children's mother had deteriorated and the couple decided not to move in together. While continuing its efforts to locate affordable housing for respondent, this service provider assisted his entry into the shelter system. A clinical case manager at Northeast Parent and Child Society testified that she worked with respondent on visitation, grief counseling, housing and employment. Respondent's individual clinical case manager from the same organization testified that he supervised respondent's visitation with the children, worked with respondent and the family to remedy the identified safety concerns and also redirected and coached respondent during visitation [2]. Such efforts were more than sufficient to discharge petitioner's obligation to exercise diligent efforts to encourage and strengthen respondent's relationship with the children (see Matter of Landon U. [Amanda U.], 132 A.D.3d 1081, 1084 [2015]; Matter of Jyashia RR. [John VV.], 92 A.D.3d 982, 983-984 [2012]). [3]

         Petitioner further proved by clear and convincing evidence that, although able to do so, respondent failed to plan for the future of the children for the requisite time period (see Social Services Law § 384-b [7] [a]). "To substantially plan, a parent must, at a minimum, take meaningful steps to correct the conditions that led to the child[ren]'s initial removal from the home" (Matter of Marcus BB. [Donna AA.], 130 A.D.3d 1211, 1212 [2015] [citations omitted]). "Good faith alone is not enough: the plan must be realistic and feasible" (Matter of Star Leslie W., 63 N.Y.2d 136, 143 [1984] [citation omitted]).

         Respondent's individual clinical case manager testified that, despite the extensive support provided, respondent was unable to progress past supervised visitation because of his lack of stable housing for the children and the ongoing intervention required during the parental visits. Relatedly, several witnesses testified that respondent was difficult to reach either by phone or in person, often failing to inform petitioner of his current shelter or address. In addition, respondent failed to attend medical appointments for the children despite being apprised of such appointments and provided transportation, and often needed to be reminded or redirected during his two-hour parental visits to focus on safe supervision and appropriate topics of conversation. Respondent also failed to engage in required mental health counseling on a regular basis. While there can be little dispute that respondent "lacks advantages and is burdened by [his] limited means, " it is equally clear that he has failed to utilize the available resources to take steps toward correcting his employment, housing and mental health difficulties (Matter of Marissa O. [Grace NN.], 119 A.D.3d 1097, 1099 [2014]). Accordingly, the record amply ...


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