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Merilon v. American Airlines, Inc.

United States District Court, E.D. New York

April 7, 2017

FRED MERILON, Plaintiff,


          DORA L. IRIZARRY, Chief Judge

         On March 9, 2017, defendant American Airlines, Inc. (“Defendant”) filed a notice to remove this action from the Supreme Court for the State of New York, Queens County to this Court (the “Notice, ” Dkt. Entry No. 1). For the reasons set forth below, this case is remanded sua sponte to the state court.


         On February 6, 2017, Fred Merilon (“Plaintiff”) commenced this action in state court alleging he suffered injuries due to Defendant's negligence after he fell from a movable ramp that is used for passengers to enter and exit Defendant's aircraft.” (Compl., Dkt. Entry No. 1-4 (the “Complaint”); see Dkt. Entry No. 1-2 (indicating service was made on February 7, 2017).) Plaintiff alleges he was exiting an aircraft he was working on when the ramp “was pulled away from the side of the plane without his notification, resulting in him falling from the plane to the ground below.” (Compl. at ¶ 9.) Plaintiff further claims he “sustained severe injuries to various parts of his body, ” but does not detail those injuries nor state the amount of damages he has suffered. ( ¶ 14.)

         On March 9, 2017, Defendant removed the case to this Court, asserting that there was federal subject matter jurisdiction pursuant to the diversity statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1332. (Notice at ¶ 10.) Specifically, Defendant argues that there is complete diversity of citizenship between the parties and that “upon information and belief, and pursuant to the allegations and damages alleged, the matter in controversy exceeds the sum of $75, 000, exclusive of interest and costs.” (Notice at ¶ 7.) Neither the Notice nor the Complaint contains any allegations of fact establishing the amount in controversy. Thus far, Plaintiff has not filed a motion for remand.


         As a threshold matter, the Court first must address whether it may remand this case to the state court sua sponte, absent a motion from Plaintiff. The relevant statute, 28 U.S.C. § 1447(c), states in pertinent part:

A motion to remand the case on the basis of any defect other than lack of subject matter jurisdiction must be made within 30 days after the filing of the notice of removal under section 1446(a). If at any time before final judgment it appears that the district court lacks subject matter jurisdiction, the case shall be remanded.

Id. The Second Circuit has construed this statute as authorizing a district court, at any time, to remand a case sua sponte upon a finding that it lacks subject matter jurisdiction. See Mitskovski v. Buffalo & Fort Erie Pub. Bridge Auth., 435 F.3d 127, 131, 133-34 (2d Cir. 2006) (citing Bender v. Williamsport Area Sch. Dist., 475 U.S. 534, 541 (1986)).

         Here, as in all cases removed to the federal courts, the removing party has the burden of establishing that the amount in controversy exceeds the $75, 000 jurisdictional threshold mandated by 28 U.S.C. § 1332(a). See Lupo v. Human Affairs Intern., Inc., 28 F.3d 269, 273-74 (2d Cir. 1994). “[I]f the jurisdictional amount is not clearly alleged in the plaintiff's complaint, and the defendant's notice of removal fails to allege facts adequate to establish that the amount in controversy exceeds the jurisdictional amount, federal courts lack diversity jurisdiction as a basis for removing the plaintiff's action from state court.” Id. The Second Circuit has cautioned district courts to “construe the removal statute narrowly, resolving any doubts against removability.” Stemmle v. Interlake Steamship Co., 2016 WL 4098559, at *3 (E.D.N.Y. July 27, 2016) (quoting Lupo, 28 F.3d at 274).

         With respect to the amount in controversy jurisdictional requirement for diversity jurisdiction, the removing party must “prov[e] that it appears to ‘a reasonable probability' that the claim is in excess of [$75, 000].” United Food & Commercial Workers Union, Local 919, AFL-CIO v. CenterMark Properties Meriden Square, Inc., 30 F.3d 298, 305 (2d Cir. 1994) (quoting Tongkook Am., Inc. v. Shipton Sportswear Co., 14 F.3d 781, 784 (2d Cir. 1994)). In this case, Defendant fails to meet its burden to show that the jurisdictional amount has been satisfied, as it relies solely on Plaintiff's general assertion that he was injured, and that he has incurred and will continue to incur injuries. (See Notice at ¶ 7; Compl. ¶ 14.) The Complaint did not specify an amount of damages (see generally Compl.), and the Notice does not describe any attempt made by Defendant to ascertain a damages amount (see generally Notice). Indeed, the only information in the Notice concerning the amount in controversy is made “upon information and belief, ” without support.

         Additionally, Defendant cannot meet its burden in this case by relying on the face of the Complaint because the Complaint neither alleges a damages amount nor provides any information concerning the nature and extent of Plaintiff's injuries or the treatment received. As such, the Court is left to guess at the amount in controversy based on the Complaint's boilerplate allegation that Plaintiff:

became sick, sore, lame and disabled; sustained severe injuries to various parts of his body; suffered and will continue to suffer great pain and anguish in body and mind; necessarily received and will continue to receive treatment and medicines in an endeavor to be healed of said injuries for which expenses were and will continue to be incurred; was rendered unable to attend to plaintiff's usual employment and daily duties as plaintiff had theretofore done, and, upon information and belief, the injuries and permanent in character.

(Compl. at ¶ 14.) Such a barebones, general pleading does not suffice to establish that this action involves an amount in controversy adequate to support federal diversity jurisdiction. See Noguera v. Bedard, 2011 WL 5117598, at *3 (E.D.N.Y. Oct. 26, 2011) (remanding personal injury action where neither the complaint nor the notice of removal ‚Äúparticularize[d] or amplifie[d] in any way the extent of plaintiff's injuries or ...

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