Searching over 5,500,000 cases.


searching
Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.

Barron v. Eastern Athletic, Inc.

Supreme Court of New York, Second Department

May 3, 2017

David Barron, et al., appellants,
v.
Eastern Athletic, Inc., respondent. Index No. 14784/12

          Friedman Sanchez, LLP (Arnold E. DiJoseph III, New York, NY, of counsel), for appellants.

          Kaufman Dolowich & Voluck, LLP, New York, NY (Kenneth B. Danielsen of counsel), for respondent.

          RUTH C. BALKIN, J.P., LEONARD B. AUSTIN, HECTOR D. LASALLE, VALERIE BRATHWAITE NELSON, JJ.

          DECISION & ORDER

         In an action to recover damages for personal injuries, etc., the plaintiffs appeal from an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Baily-Schiffman, J.), dated July 16, 2015, which granted the defendant's motion for summary judgment dismissing the complaint.

         ORDERED that the order is affirmed, with costs.

         The plaintiff David Barron (hereinafter the injured plaintiff) allegedly slipped and fell as he entered a shower stall located in the men's locker room of a gym owned and operated by the defendant. The injured plaintiff, and his wife suing derivatively, commenced this action, inter alia, to recover damages for personal injuries. After issue was joined, the defendant moved for summary judgment dismissing the complaint. The Supreme Court granted the motion, and the plaintiffs appeal.

         The owner of property has a duty to maintain his or her property "in a reasonably safe condition in view of all the circumstances, including the likelihood of injury to others, the seriousness of the injury, and the burden of avoiding the risk" (Basso v Miller, 40 N.Y.2d 233, 241 [internal quotation marks omitted]). A defendant who moves for summary judgment in a slip-and-fall or a trip-and-fall case has the initial burden of making a prima facie showing that it did not create the hazardous condition which allegedly caused the fall, and did not have actual or constructive notice of that condition for a sufficient length of time to discover and remedy it (see Giantomaso v T. Weiss Realty Corp., 142 A.D.3d 950; Levine v G.F. Holding, Inc., 139 A.D.3d 910; Mehta v Stop & Shop Supermarket Co., LLC, 129 A.D.3d 1037; Campbell v New York City Tr. Auth., 109 A.D.3d 455, 456; Levine v Amverserve Assn., Inc., 92 A.D.3d 728, 729; see also Monastiriotis v Monastiriotis, 141 A.D.3d 510). "[W]hether a dangerous or defective condition exists on the property of another so as to create liability depends on the peculiar facts and circumstances of each case and is generally a question of fact for the jury" (Trincere v County of Suffolk, 90 N.Y.2d 976, 977 [internal quotation marks omitted]; see Nagin v K.E.M. Enters., Inc., 111 A.D.3d 901).

         The defendant established its prima facie entitlement to judgment as a matter of law. In support of its motion, the defendant demonstrated, through the injured plaintiff's deposition testimony wherein he indicated that he slipped when he placed his foot in the wet shower basin, that the injured plaintiff slipped on water that he knew was present in the shower stall before entering. He was unable to identify any other condition as the cause for his fall. Here, the mere presence of water in the shower stall basin cannot impart liability to the defendant for the injured plaintiff's fall, particularly since the water was necessarily incidental to the use of the shower stall (see Noboa-Jaquez v Town Sports Intl., LLC, 138 A.D.3d 493; Dove v Manhattan Plaza Health Club, 113 A.D.3d 455; Jackson v State of N.Y., 51 A.D.3d 1251; Seaman v State of New York, 45 A.D.3d 1126; Conroy v Saratoga Springs Auth., 259 A.D. 365, affd 284 NY 723). The evidence submitted in support of the defendant's motion demonstrated that the defendant did not create or have actual or constructive notice of any dangerous or defective condition in the subject shower stall.

         In opposition, the plaintiffs failed to raise a triable issue of fact. The plaintiffs, in opposing the defendant's motion, principally relied upon the affidavits of the injured plaintiff and their expert engineer. In his affidavit, the injured plaintiff, for the first time, identified the cause of his fall as soap or soap residue on the floor of the shower stall. This statement presented what appears to be a feigned issue of fact designed to avoid the consequences of his earlier deposition testimony (see Bryant v Loft Bookstore Café, LLC, 138 A.D.3d 664; Viviano v KeyCorp, 128 A.D.3d 811, 812; Blocker v Filene's Basement #51-00540, 126 A.D.3d 744, 746), and was therefore insufficient to defeat the motion. The affidavit of the plaintiffs' engineer ...


Buy This Entire Record For $7.95

Download the entire decision to receive the complete text, official citation,
docket number, dissents and concurrences, and footnotes for this case.

Learn more about what you receive with purchase of this case.