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Velazquez v. The Estate of Antonier

United States District Court, S.D. New York

November 2, 2017

DONATA VELAZQUEZ, individually, also known as "Issabelle E. Velazquez, " Plaintiff,



         This matter is before me on the parties' application to approve their settlement agreement (Docket Item ("D.I.") 25, 26). All parties have consented to my exercising plenary jurisdiction pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 636(c).

         Plaintiff Donata Velazquez alleges that she was employed by Murray H. Antonier as a live-in home attendant from approximately July 2008 up until Antonier's death in July 2015. Antonier's estate is represented by the Bronx County Public Administrator, a quasi governmental agency that administers the estates of deceased individuals who have no known next of kin or no qualified executor or administrative ("Defendant"). The action is brought under the Fair Labor Standards Act (the "FLSA"), 29 U.S.C. §§ 201 et seq., and the New York Labor Law for allegedly unpaid minimum wages and overtime premium pay. Plaintiff also asserts claims based on Antonier's alleged failure to provide certain notices as required by the Labor Law. Although the action was commenced as a collective action with respect to the FLSA claims, the parties reached the proposed settlement prior to the matter being conditionally certified as a collective action. Thus, the only parties to the settlement are Velazquez and Defendant.

         The parties reached their proposed settlement after a conference before the Honorable Kevin Nathaniel Fox, United States Magistrate Judge, and therefore, my knowledge of the underlying facts and the justification for the settlement is limited to the parties' pleadings, the ex parte letters the parties submitted to Judge Fox in advance of the settlement conference and the representations in counsels' submissions in support of settlement approval. Plaintiff asserts that when she was employed by Antonier, she worked 24 hours a day, seven days a week and performed a variety of tasks, including preparing and serving meals, grocery shopping, picking up medicine and dry cleaning, household cleaning, laundry, assisting with personal hygiene and taking Antonier to appointments outside of the home. Plaintiff asserts that for one month at the beginning of her employment, Antonier paid her $15 per hour for 13 hours per day for six days per week in cash, totaling $1, 170.00 per week. Antonier then stopped paying plaintiff a salary and instead paid her rent, telephone and electric bills, all of which had a total value of $1, 136.00 per month. Plaintiff provided Defendant with a "Bill for Estate" estimating that she is owed $561, 491.52.

         Defendant denies plaintiff's allegations and argues that plaintiff has failed to produce documentation sufficient to allow Defendant to evaluate plaintiff's claim. Defendant also argues that the FLSA's wage-and-hour requirements do not apply to plaintiff because she was not "engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce" and because Antonier was not "an enterprise engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce." 29 U.S.C. §§ 206(a), 207(a).[1]

         The parties have agreed to a total settlement of $175, 000.00 (Stipulation of Settlement, dated May 30, 2017 ("Settlement Agreement"), annexed as Ex. C to Notice of Motion for So Ordered Stipulation of Settlement & Enforcement (D.I. 25)). Plaintiff's counsel has agreed to reduce his compensation for fees and costs from 33.33% to 20% of the total settlement amount, i.e.., $35, 000.00. Thus, after deduction of counsel fees, plaintiff's net recovery is $140, 000.00.

Court approval of an FLSA settlement is appropriate "when [the settlement] [is] reached as a result of contested litigation to resolve bona fide disputes." Johnson v. Brennan, No. 10 Civ. 4712, 2011 WL 4357376, at *12 (S.D.N.Y. Sept. 16, 2011). "If the proposed settlement reflects a reasonable compromise over contested issues, the court should approve the settlement." Id. (citing Lynn's Food Stores, Inc. v. United States, 679 F.2d 1350, 1353 n.8 (11th Cir. 1982)).

Aaudelo v. E & D LLC, 12 Civ. 960 (HB), 2013 WL 1401887 at *1 (S.D.N.Y. Apr. 4, 2013) (Baer, D.J.) (alterations in original). "Generally, there is a strong presumption in favor of finding a settlement fair, [because] the Court is generally not in as good a position as the parties to determine the reasonableness of an FLSA settlement." Lliquichuzhca v. Cinema 60, LLC, 948 F.Supp.2d 362, 365 (S.D.N.Y. 2013) (Gorenstein, M.J.) (internal quotation marks omitted). "Typically, courts regard the adversarial nature of a litigated FLSA case to be an adequate indicator of the fairness of the settlement." Beckman v. KevBank, N.A., 293 F.R.D. 467, 476 (S.D.N.Y. 2013) (Ellis, M.J.), citing Lynn's Food Stores, Inc. v. United States, supra, 679 F.2d at 1353-54.

         In Wolinsky v. Scholastic Inc., 900 F.Supp.2d 332, 335 (S.D.N.Y. 2012), the Honorable Jesse M. Furman, United States District Judge, identified five factors that are relevant to an assessment of the fairness of an FLSA settlement:

In determining whether [a] proposed [FLSA] settlement is fair and reasonable, a court should consider the totality of circumstances, including but not limited to the following factors: (1) the plaintiff's range of possible recovery; (2) the extent to which the settlement will enable the parties to avoid anticipated burdens and expenses in establishing their respective claims and defenses; (3) the seriousness of the litigation risks faced by the parties; (4) whether the settlement agreement is the product of arm's-length bargaining between experienced counsel; and (5) the possibility of fraud or collusion.

(internal quotation marks omitted).

         The parties have not provided sufficient information for me to evaluate whether the settlement is fair and reasonable. Under the settlement, plaintiff will receive approximately 25% of the estimated "Bill for Estate" of $561, 491.52 after the deduction of counsel fees. However, it is not even clear if $561, 491.52 is an accurate estimate of plaintiff's unpaid wages. For example, although plaintiff alleges that she started working for Antonier in July 2008, the "Bill for Estate" calculates unpaid wages for the entirety of 2008. Although there may be a rational basis for the settlement amount, the parties have failed to present any substantive argument addressing the fairness of the settlement agreement. Thus, the parties should provide a supplemental letter explaining why the settlement is fair and reasonable.

         The settlement agreement contains several general releases. In one section, the Settlement Agreement provides that

(c) "Claims Released" with respect to only the Plaintiff VELAZQUEZ means any and all claims, demands, rights, liabilities, damages, penalties, liquidated damages, punitive damages, actions, causes of action and/or other legal responsibilities, in any form whatsoever, whether known or unknown, unforeseen, unanticipated, unsuspected, or latent, that (a) have accrued prior to the date of approval of this settlement by the Court and marked "So Ordered" by the same, and (b) have been or could have been asserted by VELAZQUEZ, or an agent, successor, assign, heir, executor or administrator of VELAZQUEZ, whether directly, indirectly, representatively, derivatively or in any other capacity, against ANTONIER. The Claims Released include, but are not limited to, all claims arising under the Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. § 201, et. sea, (the "FLSA"), all claims for attorneys' fees, costs and expenses, and all claims under any other federal, state, or local law, whether arising or emanating from statute, executive order, rule, regulation, code, common law, or other source, including, but not limited to, all actions sounding in tort, contract, and equity (including, restitution, unjust enrichment and quantum merit), and including those claims that were asserted or could have been asserted in the above-captioned case, any claims that monies received from the settlement are compensation eligible for retirement or other employee benefit plans of ANTONIER, and all claims relating ...

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