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People v. Robinson

Supreme Court of New York, Third Department

November 16, 2017

THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK, Respondent,
v.
TAMMY ROBINSON, Appellant.

          Calendar Date: October 18, 2017

          Craig S. Leeds, Albany, for appellant, and appellant pro se.

          Robert M. Carney, District Attorney, Schenectady (Peter H. Willis of counsel), for respondent.

          Before: Egan Jr., J.P., Lynch, Rose, Aarons and Pritzker, JJ.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          AARONS, J.

         Appeal from a judgment of the Supreme Court (Milano, J.), rendered August 28, 2015 in Schenectady County, convicting defendant upon her plea of guilty of the crime of grand larceny in the third degree.

         In October 2014, defendant was indicted for grand larceny in the third degree, falsifying business records in the first degree and offering a false instrument for filing in the first degree based on allegations that included that she stole property valued at more than $3, 000. As a part of a plea agreement and in satisfaction of the indictment, defendant pleaded guilty to grand larceny in the third degree and waived her right to appeal, orally and in writing. Defendant was thereafter sentenced to six months in jail and a five-year term of probation. Defendant appeals.

         We affirm. The combined oral and written appeal waiver establishes that defendant's waiver was knowing, voluntary and intelligent (see People v Sanders, 25 N.Y.3d 337, 341 [2015]; People v Lopez, 6 N.Y.3d 248, 256 [2006]). Supreme Court confirmed that defendant knew that her waiver of her right to appeal was "separate and apart" from the trial rights that she had agreed to waive. Defendant asked the court whether the appeal waiver would apply to a pending civil matter, and the court correctly informed her that it would not. Defendant thereafter told the court that she had no more questions regarding the appeal waiver. Moreover, the record reflects that defendant conferred with counsel regarding the written appeal waiver before she signed it, and defendant was informed that her appeal waiver was a condition of her plea agreement and that, absent her waiver of her right to appeal, she would have maintained the right to appeal from a conviction resulting from a plea. Accordingly, we find defendant's appeal waiver to be knowing, voluntary and intelligent (see People v Toledo, 144 A.D.3d 1332, 1332 [2016], lv denied 29 N.Y.3d 1001');">29 N.Y.3d 1001 [2017]; People v Empey, 144 A.D.3d 1201, 1202-1203 [2016], lv denied 28 N.Y.3d 1144');">28 N.Y.3d 1144 [2017]).

         Defendant's challenge to the factual sufficiency of her plea allocution is precluded by her valid appeal waiver (see People v Blair, 140 A.D.3d 1478, 1479 [2016], lv denied 28 N.Y.3d [2016]; People v Love, 137 A.D.3d 1486, 1487 [2016]). Moreover, that issue is unpreserved as the record fails to establish that defendant made an appropriate postallocution motion, and the narrow exception to the preservation requirement does not apply here as defendant did not make any statements that negated an essential element of the crime or cast doubt upon her guilt (see People v Agrusti, 123 A.D.3d 1158, 1158 [2014], lv denied 26 N.Y.3d 1142');">26 N.Y.3d 1142 [2016]; People v Watson, 115 A.D.3d 1016, 1017 [2014], lv denied 24 N.Y.3d 965 [2014]). Likewise, defendant's claim of ineffective assistance of counsel, to the extent that it relates to the voluntariness of her plea, is unpreserved in the absence of a postallocution motion (see People v Williams, 150 A.D.3d 1549, 1549 [2017]; People v Cox, 146 A.D.3d 1154, 1155 [2017]). To the extent that defendant contends, in her pro se brief, that she was deprived of due process by preindictment delay, that contention is also unpreserved for our review (see People v Flores, 83 A.D.3d 1460, 1460 [2011], affd 19 N.Y.3d 881');">19 N.Y.3d 881 [2012]; People v Alger, 23 A.D.3d 706, 706 [2005], lv denied 6 N.Y.3d 845 [2005]).

          Egan Jr., J.P., Lynch, Rose and ...


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