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In re Kameron V.V.

Supreme Court of New York, Third Department

December 28, 2017

In the Matter of KAMERON V.V., Alleged to be a Juvenile Delinquent. MADISON COUNTY ATTORNEY, Respondent; KAMERON V.V., Appellant.

          Calendar Date: November 14, 2017

          Peter E. Smith, Wampsville, for appellant.

          Tina M. Wayland-Smith, County Attorney, Wampsville (Jeffrey A. Aumell of counsel), for respondent.

          Before: Garry, J.P., Lynch, Clark, Aarons and Pritzker, JJ.

          MEMORANDUM AND ORDER

          Aarons, J.

         Appeal from an order of the Family Court of Madison County (McDermott, J.), entered August 9, 2016, which granted petitioner's application, in a proceeding pursuant to Family Ct Act article 3, to adjudicate respondent a juvenile delinquent.

         Petitioner commenced this juvenile delinquency proceeding alleging that respondent (born in 2003) had committed acts which, if committed by an adult, would constitute the crimes of sexual abuse in the first degree (see Penal Law § 130.65) and endangering the welfare of a child (see Penal Law § 260.10). In satisfaction of the petition's allegations, respondent admitted to the charge of endangering the welfare of a child and was adjudicated a juvenile delinquent. Following a hearing, in July 2016, Family Court placed respondent on probation for one year. Respondent now appeals.

         As an initial matter, in the absence of a motion to dismiss, respondent's noncompliance with the 60-day period within which to file an appellant's brief and record on appeal (see 22 NYCRR 800.9 [a]) does not warrant dismissal of respondent's appeal (see Abele Tractor & Equip. Co., Inc. v RJ Valente, Inc., 94 A.D.3d 1270, 1271 [2012]). Nor do we agree with petitioner's claim that the appeal should be dismissed as moot. Even though respondent has completed his one-year probationary period, the delinquency determination being challenged on appeal "implicates possible collateral legal consequences" (Matter of Ryan LL., 119 A.D.3d 994, 994 [2014], lv denied 25 N.Y.3d 904');">25 N.Y.3d 904 [2015]; see Matter of Eric CC., 298 A.D.2d 632, 633 n 1 [2002]). We also reject petitioner's assertion that respondent failed to preserve his present challenge for our review (see Matter of Johnathan B.M., 129 A.D.3d 1517, 1518 [2015]; Matter of Daquan BB., 83 A.D.3d 1281, 1282-1283 [2011]; but see Matter of Ricky A., 11 A.D.3d 532, 533 [2004]).

         As to the merits, Family Court "shall not consent to the entry of an admission unless it advises the respondent of his or her right to a fact-finding hearing and, further, ascertains through allocution of the respondent and his or her parent that the respondent committed the acts underlying the admission, is voluntarily waiving a fact-finding hearing and is aware of the possible specific dispositional orders" (Matter of Daquan BB., 83 A.D.3d at 1282 [internal quotation marks, brackets and citations omitted]; see Family Ct Act § 321.3 [1]; Matter of William VV., 42 A.D.3d 710, 711 [2007]). Even though Family Court partially complied with Family Ct Act § 321.3, we agree with respondent that the allocution was insufficient overall (see Matter of Allen R., 214 A.D.2d 800, 801 [1995]).

         At the hearing, Family Court merely asked respondent whether he "engaged in conduct that was likely to pose a risk of injury to a child." Although Family Court specified the date and the location of the alleged crime, the court did not mention any other specific underlying fact forming the basis of the alleged crime (compare Matter of Isaac L., 142 A.D.3d 1263, 1263-1264 [2016]; Matter of John II., 31 A.D.3d 842, 842 [2006]). As such, Family Court did not "elicit a sufficient factual basis to support respondent's admission" (Matter of Barry H., 24 A.D.3d 1137, 1138 [2005]; see Matter of Tiffany MM., 298 A.D.2d 728, 729 [2002]). Furthermore, while Family Court advised respondent of his right to a hearing and his right to remain silent, the record does not indicate that respondent was advised of his right to present witnesses on his behalf, his right to confront witnesses and that the presentment agency had to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that he committed the alleged act, which if committed by an adult, would constitute a crime (see Matter of Daquan BB., 83 A.D.3d at 1282). Nor do we find that merely asking respondent's mother as to whether respondent's admission to the charge of endangering the welfare of the child was done with her approval constituted a sufficient allocution of respondent's parent as required by Family Ct § 321.3 (1) (see Matter of Allen R., 214 A.D.2d at 801; Matter of Herbert TT., 192 A.D.2d 916, 917 [1993]).

         In view of the foregoing deficiencies, we conclude that the allocution did not comply with the mandates of Family Ct Act § 321.3. Finally, because respondent's probationary period has expired, remittal of the matter is unnecessary and the petition must be dismissed (see Matter of Robert OO., 34 A.D.3d 1074, 1075 [2006]; Matter of Edgar Q., 185 A.D.2d 432, 433 [1992]).

          Garry, J.P., Lynch, Clark and Pritzker, JJ., concur.

         ORDERED that the order is reversed, on the law, without costs, ...


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