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Steeger v. JMS Cleaning Services LLC

United States District Court, S.D. New York

February 28, 2018

PAUL STEEGER, Plaintiff,
v.
JMS CLEANING SERVICES LLC, Defendant.

          Richard P. Liebowitz For the plaintiff

          Stephanie Furgang Adwar For the defendant

          MEMORANDUM OPINION AND ORDER

          DENISE COTE, District Judge:

         On October 18, 2017, Paul Steeger filed this copyright action. He is represented by Richard Liebowitz, who has been labelled a copyright “troll.” McDermott v. Monday Monday, LLC, 17cv9230(DLC), 2018 WL 1033240, at *3 n.4 (S.D.N.Y. Feb. 22, 2018).[1] The defendant is a “mom and pop” office cleaning service. As became apparent over the brief history of this litigation, the defendant had downloaded a photograph of a leaf from a free download site. It displayed that photograph on its website sometime in 2013. The copyright for the photo was filed on March 11, 2017, well after the allegedly infringing use. Similar photos of leaves are available online for a license of about $12. The defendant removed the photo from its website as soon as it was notified, in July, that the plaintiff might file suit.

         A Memorandum Opinion and Order of January 26, 2018 (“January 26 Order”) required Mr. Liebowitz to show cause by February 2 why he should not be sanctioned, pursuant to Rule 11 and the Court's inherent power, for the following conduct:

1) his failure to serve the November 9, 2017 Notice of Pretrial Conference;
2) the misrepresentations and omissions in his January 13, 2018 letter to the Court; and 3) costs needlessly imposed on the defendant.

         The January 26 Order outlined the procedural history of the case, including Mr. Liebowitz's failure to serve the Notice of Pretrial Conference on defendant, his delay in serving the Complaint on the defendant, and his failure to communicate with the defendant effectively concerning settlement.

         In his February 2 response, Mr. Liebowitz acknowledges that he failed to serve the Court's Notice of Pretrial Conference on the defendant, as he was required to do. He contends that the failure was “inadvertent, ” and argues that the defendant was not prejudiced since it independently learned of the date of the conference.

         Mr. Liebowitz argues that his January 13 letter to the Court contained no misrepresentations and that the law did not impose upon him the duty to say more than he did. The January 13 letter had requested an adjournment of the initial pretrial conference scheduled to occur on January 19, on the ground that the defendant had not responded to the complaint and the plaintiff intended to file a motion for a default. That letter did not reveal that plaintiff's counsel had been in communication with attorneys for the defendant since July, as described in the January 26 Order. Mr. Liebowitz argues that, in the event the Court finds that he should have included more information in the January 13 letter, his omissions did not rise to the level of bad faith.

         Finally, Mr. Liebowitz argues that it was the defendant who needlessly made the litigation more expensive by (among other things) failing to waive service, to update its address with the Secretary of State, and to answer or request an extension of the time to answer.

         On February 5, counsel for the defendant requested that the Court grant the defendant its costs and attorney's fees, and impose a bond requirement on the plaintiff to cover the defendant's costs or dismiss this action. Among other things, the submission took issue with the accuracy of several representations in Mr. Liebowitz's February 2 submission. The plaintiff was required to respond by February 12. In an application of February 6, the defendant retracted its February 5 requests in order to proceed with a settlement agreement reached between the plaintiff and defendant.

         In a February 12 submission, Mr. Liebowitz argued again that there was insufficient evidence that he acted in bad faith. On February 22, the plaintiff voluntarily dismissed this action with prejudice pursuant to Rule 41(a)(1)(A)(i).

         This is not the first time Mr. Liebowitz has failed to serve a Notice of a Pretrial Conference on a defendant. Although not disclosed by Mr. Liebowitz, defendant informed the Court that Mr. Liebowitz failed to serve a similar notice of pretrial conference in a case before The Honorable Ronnie Abrams. See Al Pereira v. Kendall Jenner, Inc., 17cv6945(RA). On November 28, 2017, two days before the conference was scheduled, the defendant in that case wrote to Judge Abrams to request to attend by telephone, as it had only learned of the conference that day. The ...


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