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HSBC Bank USA, N.A. v. Oqlah

Supreme Court of New York, Second Department

July 25, 2018

HSBC Bank USA, N.A., etc., respondent,
v.
Tarek Oqlah, appellant, et al., defendants. Index No. 503099/15

          Argued-April 12, 2018

         D56200 C/hu

          Tsyngauz & Associates, P.C., New York, NY (Yevgeny Tsyngauz and Simon I. Malinowski of counsel), for appellant.

          Hogan Lovells U.S. LLP, New York, NY (David Dunn, Chava Brandriss, and Ryan Sirianni of counsel), for respondent.

          REINALDO E. RIVERA, J.P. SYLVIA O. HINDS-RADIX HECTOR D. LASALLE VALERIE BRATHWAITE NELSON, JJ.

          DECISION & ORDER

         In an action to foreclose a mortgage, the defendant Tarek Oqlah appeals from (1) an order of the Supreme Court, Kings County (Lawrence Knipel, J.), dated February 24, 2016, and (2) an order of the same court (Noach Dear, J.), dated September 15, 2016. The order dated February 24, 2016, granted the plaintiffs motion pursuant to CPLR 306-b to extend the time to serve the summons and complaint on the defendant Tarek Oqlah to the extent of granting the plaintiff a 60-day extension, and denied that defendant's motion pursuant to CPLR 306-b to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against him. The order dated September 15, 2016, denied that defendant's motion pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(8) to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against him for lack of personal jurisdiction and granted the plaintiffs cross motion pursuant to CPLR 306-b to deem service of the summons and complaint on that defendant timely, nunc pro tunc.

         ORDERED that the orders are affirmed, with one bill of costs.

         Subsequent to commencing this mortgage foreclosure action, the plaintiff moved pursuant to CPLR 306-b to extend the time to serve the summons and complaint on the defendant Tarek Oqlah (hereinafter the defendant), and the defendant moved pursuant to CPLR 306-b to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against him. In an order dated February 24, 2016, the Supreme Court granted the plaintiffs motion to the extent that the plaintiff was granted a 60-day extension, and denied the defendant's motion. On April 26, 2016, one day after the 60-day extension expired, the defendant moved pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(8) to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against him for lack of personal jurisdiction. The plaintiff cross-moved pursuant to CPLR 306-b to deem service of the summons and complaint on the defendant on April 30, 2016, timely, nunc pro tunc. In an order dated September 15, 2016, the Supreme Court denied the defendant's motion and granted the plaintiffs cross motion. The defendant appeals from both orders, and we affirm.

         ''Pursuant to CPLR 306-b, a court may, in the exercise of its sound discretion, grant a motion for an extension of time within which to effect service for good cause shown or in the interest of justice. Good cause requires a showing of reasonable diligence in attempting to effect service, while the broader interest of justice ground allows the court to balance a number of relevant factors in reaching its determination" (Emigrant Bank v Estate of Robinson, 144 A.D.3d 1084, 1085 [citations omitted]; see Leader v Maroney, Ponzini & Spencer, 97 N.Y.2d 95). In determining whether an extension of time is warranted in the interest of justice, a court may consider diligence, or lack thereof, along with any other relevant factor, including the expiration of the statute of limitations, the meritorious nature of the cause of action, the length of delay in service, the promptness of a plaintiffs request for the extension of time, and prejudice to the defendant (see A.K. v T.K., 150 A.D.3d 1091, 1093; Emigrant Bank v Estate of Robinson, 144 A.D.3d at 1085).

         We agree with the Supreme Court's determination granting, in the interest of justice, the plaintiffs first motion to extend the time to complete service on the defendant and denying the defendant's motion pursuant to CPLR 306-b to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against him (see US Bank N.A. v Saintus, 153 A.D.3d 1380, 1381-1382; Emigrant Bank v Estate of Robinson, 144 A.D.3d at 1085). The plaintiff demonstrated the existence of a potentially meritorious action, that it promptly moved for relief following the expiration of the 120-day period, and that there was no identifiable prejudice to the defendant as a consequence of the delay in service.

         We also agree with the Supreme Court's determination granting the plaintiffs subsequent cross motion to deem the service on the defendant on April 30, 2016, timely, nunc pro tunc, and denying the defendant's motion pursuant to CPLR 3211(a)(8) to dismiss the complaint insofar as asserted against him. The plaintiff demonstrated that it made the requisite reasonably diligent efforts to effect proper service within the 60-day extended period, thereby warranting a further extension for good cause (see Emigrant Bank v Estate of Robinson, 144 A.D.3d at 1085; cf. Hobbins v North Star Orthopedics, PLLC,148 A.D.3d 784, 788). The plaintiff also demonstrated that proper service was effected only five days past the expiration of the 60-day extension, the existence of a potentially meritorious action, and no identifiable prejudice to the defendant as a consequence of the delay in service (see Umana v Sofola,149 A.D.3d 1138, 1139-1140; Emigrant Bank v Estate of Robinson, 144 A.D.3d at 1085; Fernandez v Morales Bros. Realty, Inc.,110 A.D.3d 676, 677; Thompson v City of New York,89 A.D.3d 1011, 1012). The defendant's contention that the April 30, 2016, service upon him was ineffective is without merit because the defendant failed to sufficiently rebut the presumption of proper ...


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