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Bahnsen v. Town of Brookhaven

United States District Court, E.D. New York

January 3, 2020

WILLIAM BAHNSEN, Plaintiff,
v.
TOWN OF BROOKHAVEN, Defendant.

          ORDER

          SANDRA J. FEUERSTEIN, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         Pending before the Court is the Report and Recommendation of the Honorable Anne Y. Shields, United States Magistrate Judge, dated December 16, 2019 (“the Report”), (1) recommending that the motion of defendant Town of Brookhaven (“defendant”) for summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure be granted; and (2) advising, inter alia, (a) that “[a]ny written objections to th[e] Report . . . must be filed . . . within fourteen (14) days of filing of th[e] [R]eport, ” (Report at 25) (citing 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1) and Fed.R.Civ.P. 6(a), 72(b)), and (b) that “[f]ailure to file objections within fourteen (14) days will preclude further review of th[e] [R]eport . . . either by the District Court or Court of Appeals.” (Id.) (citing Thomas v. Arn, 474 U.S. 140, 145, 106 S.Ct. 466, 88 L.Ed.2d 435 (1985) and Caidor v. Onondaga Cnty., 517 F.3d 601, 604 (2d Cir. 2008)). A copy of the Report was served upon both parties via ECF on December 16, 2019. (See Docket Entry [“DE”] 53). Neither party has filed any timely objections to the Report, nor sought an extension of time to do so. For the reasons set forth below, the Report is accepted in its entirety.

         I. Standard of Review

         Any party may serve and file written objections to a report and recommendation of a magistrate judge on a dispositive matter within fourteen (14) days after being served with a copy thereof. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(2). Any portion of such a report and recommendation to which a timely objection has been made is reviewed de novo. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1); Fed.R.Civ.P. 72(b)(3). The court, however, is not required to review the factual findings or legal conclusions of the magistrate judge as to which no proper objections are interposed. See Thomas, 474 U.S. at 150, 106 S.Ct. 466. Where a party “received clear notice of the consequences of the failure to object” to a report and recommendation on a dispositive matter, Frank v. Johnson, 968 F.2d 298, 300 (2d Cir. 1992) (quotations and citation omitted); accord Mario v. P&C Food Mkts., Inc., 313 F.3d 758, 766 (2d Cir. 2002); Small v. Sec'y of Health & Human Servs., 892 F.2d 15, 16 (2d Cir. 1989), his “failure to object timely to [that] report waives any further judicial review of the report.” Frank, 968 F.2d at 16; see also Smith v. Campbell, 782 F.3d 93, 102 (2d Cir. 2015); Caidor, 517 F.3d at 604.

         Nonetheless, the waiver rule is non-jurisdictional and, thus, the Court may excuse a violation thereof “in the interests of justice.” Neita v. Precision Pipeline Sols., 768 Fed.Appx. 12, 14 (2d Cir. Apr. 29, 2019) (summary order) (citing United States v. Male Juvenile (95-CR-1074), 121 F.3d 34, 39 (2d Cir. 1997)); see also DeLeon v. Strack, 234 F.3d 84, 86 (2d Cir. 2000). “Such discretion is exercised based on, among other factors, whether the defaulted argument has substantial merit or, put otherwise, whether the magistrate judge committed plain error in ruling against the defaulting party.” Spence v. Superintendent, Great Meadow Corr. Facility, 219 F.3d 162, 174 (2d Cir. 2000); accord Neita, 768 Fed.Appx. at 14.

         II. Review of Report

         Since neither party has filed any timely objections to the Report, nor sought an extension of time to do so, they have “waive[d] any further judicial review of the findings contained in the [R]eport.” Spence, 219 F.3d at 174. As the Report is not plainly erroneous, the Court will not exercise its discretion to excuse the parties' default in filing timely objections to the Report in the interests of justice. Accordingly, the Report is accepted in its entirety.

         III. Conclusion

         For the reasons set forth above, the Report is accepted in its entirety and, for the reasons set forth therein, defendant's motion for summary judgment pursuant to Rule 56 of the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure is granted and defendant is granted judgment as a matter of law dismissing plaintiff's claims against it in their entirety with ...


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