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Gonzalez v. Barr

United States District Court, W.D. New York

January 8, 2020

JOSE MAXIMILIANO GONZALEZ, Petitioner,
v.
WILLIAM P. BARR, United States Attorney General; JEFFREY SEARLS, Facility Director, Buffalo Federal Detention Facility, Respondents.

          DECISION AND ORDER

          MICHAEL A. TELESCA, UNITED STATES DISTRICT JUDGE

         I. Background

         José Maximiliano Gonzalez (“Petitioner”), an alien under a final order of removal, seeks a writ of habeas corpus pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 2241 on the basis that his detention in the custody of the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”), Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) pending his removal from the United States, violates his constitutional right to due process. Respondents (hereinafter, “the Government”) filed a Motion to Dismiss the Petition as moot (ECF #8) as a result of Petitioner's deportation from the United States.

         For the reasons discussed herein, the Court grants Respondent's Motion to Dismiss and dismisses the Petition as moot.

         II. Discussion

         The case-or-controversy requirement in Article III, § 2, of the Constitution, is carried “through all stages of federal judicial proceedings” and means that “[t]he parties must continue to have a ‘personal stake in the outcome' of the lawsuit.” Lewis v. Continental Bank Corp., 494 U.S. 472, 477-78 (1990); accord Spencer v. Kemna, 523 U.S. 1, 7 (1998) (citations omitted). In other words, throughout all phases of a lawsuit, the plaintiff “must have suffered, or be threatened with, an actual injury traceable to the defendant and likely to be redressed by a favorable judicial decision.” Lewis, 484 U.S. at 477.

         Where a habeas petition is based upon a criminal conviction, the cause is not rendered moot by the petitioner's release from custody, provided that petitioner continues to suffer “collateral consequences” of the conviction upon which the now-ended incarceration was based. Spencer, 523 U.S. at 7. Here, Petitioner's habeas petition challenges only the lawfulness of his administrative detention by DHS. The sole relief Petitioner seeks is release from custody.[1] As the Petition is based only on Petitioner's allegedly unlawful detention in DHS custody, and not on the underlying removal order from which the detention flowed, the issue is whether Petitioner suffers from any “collateral consequences” of detention now that he is no longer “in custody” of DHS. Denis v. DHS/ICE of Buffalo, N.Y., 634 F.Supp.2d 338, 340-41 (W.D.N.Y. 2009).

         “The district courts in this Circuit to have considered the issue have found that where an alien challenging his detention under 28 U.S.C. § 2241 is released during the pendency of his petition under an order of supervision, the petition is rendered moot.” Denis, 634 F.Supp.2d at 341 (collecting cases). Likewise, a petition is rendered moot when an alien is released from detention upon the execution of an order of removal. See, e.g., Singh v. Mule, 07-CV-6387-CJS-VEB, 2009 WL 204618, at *9 (W.D.N.Y. Jan. 27, 2009) (“By virtue of his removal from the United States, Singh has been released from his detention in administrative custody of DHS. This release from detention was the only relief he requested in his petition pending before this Court. Thus, since there is no effectual relief that this Court can now provide to Singh, his habeas petition has been rendered moot.”) (internal quotations and citation omitted).

         Here, DHS effectuated Petitioner's removal from the United States on December 11, 2019. See Respondents' Memorandum of Law (ECF #9) at 2 & n.1 (citing Declaration of David M. Coriell, Esq., ¶8 & Exhibit 1 (Warrant of Removal)). In so doing, DHS necessarily released Petitioner from administrative custody. Where, as here, the relief sought in the Petition-release from custody-has been granted, the Petition no longer presents a live case or controversy within the meaning of Article III, § 3 of the Constitution. Consequently, the Court must dismiss the Petition based on the absence of subject matter jurisdiction. See Lewis v. Cont'l Bank Corp., 494 U.S. 472, 477-78 (1990) (“To sustain [federal] jurisdiction in the present case, it is not enough that a dispute was very much alive when suit was filed. . . .”).

         III. Conclusion

         For the foregoing reasons, Respondent's Motion to Dismiss (ECF #8) is granted, and the Petition (ECF #1) is dismissed as moot. The Clerk of Court is directed to close this case.

         SO ORDERED.

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